6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Malaria infection among blood donors in Eldmazin Town, Blue Nile State Sudan

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences University of Blue Nile, Sudan
  • 2Departments of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences University of Dongola, Sudan
  • 3Departments of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Al-Butana, Sudan
  • 4Departments of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences University of Blue Nile, Sudan
  • 5Departments of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Sinnar University, Sudan

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 9, Issue (2), Pages 21-22, April,2 (2020)

Abstract

The study was conducted at Eldamazin town, the capital of the Blue Nile State which is located 525 Km South of Khartoum the capital of Sudan. The State extends from Sinnar State in the North, bordering Ethiopia in the East and the Upper Nile State into the West and South. It is an agricultural and postural state. The population of this state is 861000 persons (census, 2009) most of them are farmers and animal breeders. This study was aim to determine the prevalence and species of malaria infection among blood donors who attending to the teaching hospital. One hundred males´ subjects were investigated during period from July up to October 2010. Their age range between (19 - 40) years. Two malaria tests were used thick and thin blood films and Immuochromatoghic test (ICT). The percentage of infected were (12%) subject by p. falciparum. The high prevalence of malaria p.falciparum among age group was found to be in (<25) years, no significant difference in the prevalence between married (5%) group and single (7%) Table (1), and no other risk factors previous blood transfusion, was found to be significant. There was no significant difference observed between two techniques used for detection malaria BFFM and ICI. The BFF has highest combined sensitivity and specifies. We concluded that the highest prevalence of malaria among age group (≤ 25) years and (26-0) years.

References

  1. Bruce C. and L.J. B.C. (1982)., Transfusion malaria revisited.,
  2. Bruce- chawat L.J. (1985)., Transfusion Malaria Bull WHO., 50, 337-346.
  3. De Silva M., Contreras M. and Barbara J. (1988)., Two cases of transfusion‐transmitted malaria (TTM) in the UK., Transfusion, 28(1), 86-86.
  4. Chiondeni B.L., Hewitt P.E., Barbara J.A. and Voller A.E. (1997)., Evaluation of malaria antibodyELISA and its value in reducing potential wastage of red cell donations from blood donors exposed to malaria, with on a case of transfusion transmitted malaria., Vax Sang, 73(3), 143-148.
  5. Mungai M., Tegtmeier G., Chamberland M. and Parise M. (2001)., Transfusion-transmitted malaria in the United States from 1963 through 1999., New England Journal of Medicine, 344(26), 1973-1978.
  6. Nda M., Bandyera E., Kooskin E., Gyorko T.W., Maclean (2004). J. Clin Microbiol., undefined, undefined
  7. Hang V.T., Be T.V., Tran P.N., Gamh L.T., Hien L.V. and Morris C.D. (1995)., Screening donor blood for malaria by polymerase chaim reaction., trans R soc .Trop. Mid Hyg, 89, 44-47.
  8. Nodedle H., Yingyuen K., Larobochain A., Fukuda M., Sirichasinthop J. and Muker R.S. (2006)., Sensitivity and specificity and antigen detection ELISA for malaria diagnosis., Am J, Trop Med Hyg, 75(6), 1205-1208.
  9. Nour B.Y., Mens P.F., Saeed O.K., Mohamadani A.A. and Schallig H.D. (2007)., Screening of blood bank samples for the presence of malaria parasites by conventional methods and quantitative nucleic acid sequence‐based amplification (QT‐NASBA) assay., Transfusion Alternatives in Transfusion Medicine, 9(2), 120-125.