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Occurrence of fluoride in the drinking water sources in and around Bichhiya block, Mandla District, Madhya Pradesh, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geology, Government Science College, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 2Department of Geology, Government Science College, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 3Department of Geology, Government Science College, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 8, Issue (2), Pages 44-51, April,2 (2019)

Abstract

The groundwater in and around Bichhiya block, Mandla District, Madhya Pradesh, India, is reported to have high fluoride content. Therefore, an effort has been made to determine the hydro geochemical factors that are controlling enrichment of F- in the underground water resources in this region. The concentration of fluoride ranged from 0 to 6 mg/L in the groundwater samples in the study area. In groundwater, the occurrence of fluoride has both valuable and harmful effects on human health. The granitic terrain consisting of fluoride bearing minerals like biotite, apatite, tourmaline etc. and the basement comprising of Precambrian Gneiss can be considered as a vital source of F- in the underground water. The geogenic contamination of F- in the aquifers of the study area could be due to the weathering of rocks, leaching from soil and subsequently the circulation of groundwater rich in F- between the Precambrian basement and the overlying basalts (rock-water interaction).

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