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A systematic review of the effects of breastfeeding and formula feeding on cognitive development among infants and children

Author Affiliations

  • 1Columbia University, New York, 10018, USA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 8, Issue (2), Pages 60-64, April,2 (2019)


Breast milk and formula feed are both available for babies; however, breast milk is more nutritious than formula. The properties of various types of feeding on the intellectual development of toddlers, infants and older children have been assessed, but the results indicate the two might not be different. Thus, this systematic review assessed the relationship between cognitive development and breastfeeding or formula feeding among children/infants. Were viewed nine studies obtained from electronic databases, including Google Scholar, EBSCOHOST, Pub Med, and Medline, to determine which method of feeding was best for children. One review found that most studies used retrospective, longitudinal, and prospective cohorts, and the prospective cohort experiment results lacked precise conclusions. Most studies divided children into groups based on their breastfeeding regimes and examined cognitive skills at various ages. Nearly all studies showed either a positive or no correlation between cognitive development and breastfeeding. Although most studies drew no clear conclusions, the findings suggested that breast milk is better than formula for cognitive development. Moreover, longer duration of breastfeeding, particularly>2 months, promote cognitive development. Healthcare practitioners can use these findings to educate mothers about the importance and minimum duration of breastfeeding to enhance cognitive development in children.


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