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Assessment of knowledge on poly cystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) among young female adults

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Smt. VHD Central Institute of Home Science, Seshadri Road, Bengaluru-560 001, Karnataka, India
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Smt. VHD Central Institute of Home Science, Seshadri Road, Bengaluru-560 001, Karnataka, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 7, Issue (10), Pages 6-9, October,2 (2018)

Abstract

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder which affects the women of reproductive age where in the ovaries produce male hormones in higher level which prevents ovulation and leads to irregular menstrual cycle. There is strong association between hyperandrogenism with chronic anovulation in women causing infertility. About 5-10 per cent of women are affected worldwide. It is characterized by irregular or no menstrual periods, acne, obesity, and excess hair growth. The development of obesity amplifies PCOS in women. The study was conducted at three colleges of Bangalore city. A questionnaire was developed and validated to assess the knowledge towards PCOS. The subjects aged between 18 to 25 years were screened by taking height, weight and through BMI by random sampling. 100 overweight and obese samples were taken for the study. The subjects knowledge responses were collected. There were 37 percent overweight and 15 percent obese subjects in the age group of 21-22 years, 11 percent of overweight and 14 percent of obese subjects in the age group of 23-24 years and 10 percent of overweight and 13 percent of obese subjects in the age group of 18-20 years. More than half (56%) of the respondents age of menarche was at the age of 12 to 13 years where as 36 per cent and 8 per cent of the respondents attained their menarche at the age of 14 to 15 and 10 to 12 years respectively. 36 per cent of the subjects had irregular menstrual cycle. Majority of the samples did not have an adequate knowledge about PCOS. It is very important that all young females especially who are overweight and obese should know about the causes, risk factors, complications, diagnosis and management of the disease so that unrecognized and neglected symptoms can be introspected by the individual samples in order to prevent the degree and complications of PCOS. Nearly 79 percent of respondents of both over weight and obese young females had inadequate knowledge on PCOS whereas 21 percent of the subjects had inadequate knowledge. The results showed significant difference at 5 percent level. An adoption of active lifestyle habits, healthy dietary habits and regular physical activities help in prevention and management of PCOS among adults.

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