Appraisal of heavy metals concentration in ground water used for drinking purpose in Olpad Taluka, Surat, Gujarat, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Aquatic Biology V.N.S.G.Uni, Surat. Gujarat, India
  • 2Department of Aquatic Biology V.N.S.G.Uni, Surat. Gujarat, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 6, Issue (5), Pages 6-10, May,2 (2017)

Abstract

Safe drinking water is as major requirement as air for humans. Ground water is one of the most valuable source of drinking water on the earth. From last few decades, the major problem of environment pollution increases because of human activities. Because of rapid industrialization and agricultural practices the groundwater quality is declining. It is also cause a root entry of heavy metals into ground water. The study was undertaken to assess the ground water status of Olpad taluka with respect to heavy metals like, Cu, Ni, Zn and Co. seven samples from four villages were collected with different sources. The heavy metals were analysed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The values of Cu, Zn and Co were found under permissible limit but Ni recorded higher than limits specified by Indian Standards for drinking water. Toxic effects in respiratory tract and immune systems found with higher concentration of nickel. Deficiency of vital metals like Zn and Cu also affect the human health.

References

  1. Chaudhari Usha (2009)., Studies on Drinking Water quality of Bordi area Thane District, Maharashtra., Thesis submitted to Department of Aquatic Biology, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat.
  2. Pandey Mahendra (2003)., Water Basics, “The core texbook on the most precious yet plenty life substance”., Dominent Publishers and Distributors,1st Eddition,pp=1-7.
  3. Public Drinking water systems. Facts and Figures April (2014). U.S Environmental protection Agency., undefined, undefined
  4. Public Drinking Water from household wells(2002) U.S Environmental Protection Agency., undefined, undefined
  5. Kavcar P., Sofuoglu A. and Sofuoglu S.C. (2009)., A health risk assessment for exposure to heavy metals via drinking water ingetion pathways., J Hyg Environ Health, 212(2), 216-227.
  6. Gray N.F. (2008)., Drinking water quality problems and solutions., 2nd Eddition, Cambridge University Press.
  7. APHA (2012)., Standards methods for the examination of water and waste water., (22nd Eddition), New York.
  8. BIS: 10500 (2012)., Indian Standards Drinking Water Specifications.,