Synthesis of dye-sensitized solar cells using polyaniline and natural dye extracted from beetroot
- 1Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, S. G. Highway, Ahmedabad-382481, Gujarat, India
- 2Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, S. G. Highway, Ahmedabad-382481, Gujarat, India
- 3Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, S. G. Highway, Ahmedabad-382481, Gujarat, India
- 4Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, S. G. Highway, Ahmedabad-382481, Gujarat, India
Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 6, Issue (2), Pages 35-39, February,2 (2017)
In today’s world where fossil fuels are on the verge of depletion, solar energy offers a much valuable path to harness its abundance, which has led to the discovery of third gen organic solar cells. The paper reports a detailed methodology for the preparation of polymer based dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) using polyaniline (PANI). The cells were made using natural dye extracted from beetroot and indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass. Three solar cells having different electrolytes were prepared and their efficiencies were determined. A mixture of conventional electrolyte (iodide and triiodide mixture) and HCl doped PANI have also been used and the results obtained from all the three cells were observed, compared and discussed. Ultraviolet spectroscopic results confirm the presence of dye extracted from beetroot and by the I-V curves, efficiencies of the cells calculated was 0.04694% (conventional electrolyte), 0.03170% (HCl doped PANI as electrolyte) and 0.02699% (conventional and PANI mixture as electrolyte).
- Al-Amir J. and Abu-Hijleh B. (2013)., Strategies and policies from promoting the use of renewable energy resource in the UAE., Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 26, 660–667.
- Rodopoulou S., Samoli E., Chalbot M.C.G. and Kavouras I.G. (2015)., Air pollution and cardiovascular and respiratory emergency visits in Central Arkansas: a time-series analysis., Sci. Total Environ., 536, 872–879.
- Pandey A.K., Tyagi V.V., Jeyraj A., Selvaraj L., Rahim N.A. and Tyagi S.K. (2016)., Recent advances in solar photovoltaic systems for emerging trends and advanced applications, . Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 53, 859-884.
- Federico B. and Claudio G. (2016)., Natural Polymers for Dye-Sensitised Solar Cells: Electrolytes and Electrodes Redox electrolyte Cathode., Encyclopaedia of Polymer science and Technology.
- Brian O’regan and Grfitzeli M. (1991)., A Low-Cost, High-Efficiency Solar Cell Based on Dyesensitized Colloidal TiO2 Films., Nature, 353(6346), 737-740.
- Senthil T.S., Muthukumarasamy N., Velauthapillai D., Agilan S., Thambidurai M. and Balasundaraprabhu R. (2011)., Natural dye (cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 solar cell fabricated using liquid electrolyte/quasi-solid-state polymer electrolyte., Renew. Energy, 36(9), 2484-2488.
- Mohammed A.A., Ahmad A.S.S. and Azeez W.A. (2015)., Fabrication of Dye Sensitised Solar Cell Based on Titanium Dioxide (TiO2)., Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 5(9), 361-367.
- Hemmatzadeh R. and Jamali A. (2015)., Enhancing the optical absorption of anthocyanins for dye sensitised solar cells., Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 7(1), 013120.
- MacDiarmid A.G. and Epstein A.J. (1992)., Polyanilines: Synthesis, Chemistry and Processing., New Aspects of Organic Chemistry 1 Proceedings of the Fifth International Kyoto Conference on New Aspects of Organic Chemistry.
- Osorio-Fuente J.E., Gómez-Yáńez C., Hernández-Pérez M.D.L.A. and Fidel-Pérez M. (2014)., Camphor Sulfonic Acid-hydrochloric Acid Codoped Polyaniline/polyvinyl Alcohol Composite: Synthesis and Characterization., Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society, 58(1), 52-58.
- Babu V.J., Vempati S. and Ramakrishna S. (2013)., Conducting polyaniline-electrical charge transportation, . Materials Sciences and Applications, 4(1), 1-10.
- Manzoli A., Steffens C., Paschoalin R.T., Correa A.A., Alves W.F., Leite F.L. and Herrmann P.S. (2011)., Low-cost gas sensors produced by the graphite line-patterning technique applied to monitoring banana ripeness., Sensors, 11(6), 6425-6434.