10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th December 2021 Due to COVID-19.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Ecological Stress in form of Prey Depletion in Corbett Tiger Reserve, A Case Study in Dry Season: Livestock Predation and Conflict Management

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Zoology Govt. P.G. College, Ramnagar, Nainital, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (9), Pages 57-61, September,2 (2016)


Corbett Tiger Reserve is an excellent place for roar of tiger and other wildlife. During in dry summer season the fulfillments of vital need become tight and tough to tiger and its sympatric species like Leopard. Dry summer season depicts the extra efforts to catch the prey by big cats. Different dynamics of Predator-Prey relationship is recorded in this season. Total 8 cases of elephantís mortality with tiger attack sign were ceased. Porcupine, Hystrix indica are also recorded as undigested remains in tigerís scat s. Total 86 scats were analyzed . Now ecological stress leads conflict situation always. This case study based on scat analysis to detect the food and feeding profile of tiger in these two months. During these two months of May- June the chance of conflict cases are more recorded than other month. Live stock predations are found more in these months. Ecological stress in the form of prey depletion in the area develops the strong habit in carnivores to move around human-settlement which leads conflicts?


  1. Karanth KU and Stith BM (1999)., Prey depletion as a critical determinant of tiger population viability., Seiddensticker J.Christie.S, Jackson P (eds) Riding the tiger: tiger conservation in human-dominated landscapes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 100-113.
  2. Wang. S.W. (2008)., Understanding ecological interactions among carnivores, ungulates and farmers in Bhutanís Jigme Singye Wang chuck National Park., Ph.D. Thesis. Cornell University Ithaca, NY, USA.
  3. Mishra H.R. (1982)., Balancing human needs and conservation in Nepalís Royal Chitwan National Park., Ambio, 11(5), 246-252.
  4. McLean J. (2000)., Conservation and the impact of relocation on theTharus of Chitwan, Nepal., Himalayan Research Bulletin, 19(2), 38-44.
  5. Edgaonkar A A. and Chellam R. (2002)., Food habits of the leopard (Panthera paradus) in the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Maharashtra, India., Mammalia, 66, 353-360.
  6. Andheria A.P, Karanth. K.U. and Kumar N.S. (2007)., Diet and Prey profile of three Sympatric large carnivores in Bandipur Tiger Reserve India., J. Zool.(Lond.), 273,169-175.
  7. Koppikar B.R and Sabnis. J.H. (1976)., Identification of hairs of some Indian mammal., J.Bomb.Nat. His.Soc., 78-299-302.
  8. McDougal C and J. Seiddensticker. (1975)., Predatory behavour of tigers (Panthera tigris tigris L.)., Ecological and Sociological aspects, 120, (Ms.).
  9. Madhusudan MD (2004)., Recovery of Wild large herbivores following livestock decline in a tropical Indian wildlife reserve., J App Ecol, 41, 885-869 doi : 10-1111/ j0021-8901-2004.
  10. Heyward M.W, Jedrezejewski W. and Jedrezewska B (2010)., Prey preferences of the tiger Panthera tigris., Journal of Zoology, 286, 221-231.