9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effects of Industrial Air pollution on Biochemical parameters of Shorea robusta and Acacia auriculiformis

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Environmental Studies, Institute of Science, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, 731235, Birbhum, West Bengal, India
  • 2Department of Environmental Studies, Institute of Science, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, 731235, Birbhum, West Bengal, India
  • 3Department of Environmental Studies, Institute of Science, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, 731235, Birbhum, West Bengal, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (4), Pages 29-33, April,2 (2016)

Abstract

Air pollution has become a great concern to the environment due to increasing industrialization and urbanization. The present study examines the effects of air pollution on various biochemical parameters of plants in Barjora forest at Barjora, Bankura, West Bengal. To evaluate the susceptibility of plants to air pollution, four biochemical parameters, namely; chlorophyll, carbohydrate, ascorbic acid and protein, in two different tree species viz., Shorea robusta and Acacia auriculiformis, were determined. For both the plant species, the chlorophyll content was decreased significantly as compared to the control. The carbohydrate and protein content were also decreased for both the species, whereas, ascorbic acid content was increased in both the species.

References

  1. Dohmen G.P., Loppers A. and Langebartels C. (1990)., Biochemical Response of Norway spruce (Picea Abies (L) Karst) toward 14-Month Exposure to Ozone and Acid mist, effect on amino acid, Glutathione and Polyamine Titers., Environmental pollution., 64(3-4), 375-383.
  2. Hoque M.A., Banu M.N.A. and Oluma E. (2007)., Exogenous proline and glycinebetaine increase NaCl- induced Ascorbate-glythione cycle enzyme activities and praline improves salt tolerance more than glycinebetaine in tobacco bright yellow-2 suspension-cultural cells., Journal of plant physiology, 164(11), 1457-1468.
  3. Flowers M.D., Fiscus E.L. and Burkey K.O. (2007)., Photosynthesis,chlorophyll flourescene and yield of snap bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L) genotypes differing in sensitivity to Ozone., Environmental and Experimental Botany, 61(2), 190-198.
  4. Fowler D., Cape J.N. and Unsworth M.H. (1989)., Deposition of atmospheric pollutants on forests., Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London., 324, 247-265.
  5. Bunzl K., Schimmack W., Kreutzer K. and Schierl R. (1989)., Interception and retention of Chernobyl-derived 134, 137Cs and 100Ru in a spruce stand., Sci. Total Environ., 78, 77-87.
  6. Joshi O.P., Wagela D.K. and Pawar K. (1997)., Urban air pollution effects on two species of cassia., Pollut. Res., 16, 1-3.
  7. Mandal M. and Mukherji S. (2000)., Changes in chlorophyll context, chlorophyllase activity, Hill reaction, photosynthetic CO2 uptake, sugar and starch contents in five dicotyledonous plants exposed to automobile exhaust pollution., J. Environ. Biol., 21, 37–41.
  8. Gavali J.G., Saha D. and Krishnayya K. (2002)., Difference in sulphur accumulation in eleven tropical tree species growing in polluted environments., Ind. J. Environ. Health., 44, 88-91.
  9. Prajapati S.K. and Tripathi B.D. (2008)., Seasonal Variation of Leaf Dust Accumulation and Pigment Content in Plant Species Exposed to Urban Particulates Pollution., Journal of Environmental Quality., 37(3), 865-870.
  10. Prasad B.J. and Rao D.N. (1981)., Growth responses of Phaseolus aureus plants to petro‐coke pollution., Journal of Experimental Botany, 32, 1343‐1350.
  11. Arnon D.I. (1949)., Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in beta vulgaris., Plant Physiol., 24(1).
  12. Hedge J.E. and Hofreiter B.T. (1962)., Carbohydrate Chemistry., 17 (Eds. Whistler, R.L. and Be Miller, J.N.), Academic Press, NewYork.
  13. Harris L.J. and Ray S.N. (1935)., Diagnosis of vitamin-C subnutrition by urine analysis: with a note on the antiscorbutic value of human milk., Lancet., 1, 72.
  14. Lowry O.H., Rosenbrough N.J., Farr A.L. and Randall R.J. (1951)., Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent., Journal of Biological Chemistry., 193, 265-275.
  15. Katiyar V. and Dubey P.S. (2001)., Sulphur dioxide sensitivity on two stage of leaf development in a few tropical tree species., Ind. J. Environ. Toxicol.,11, 78-81.
  16. Gilbert OL. (1968)., Biological indicators of air pollution., University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, Great Britain.
  17. Pawar K. and Dubey P.S. (1985)., Effects of air pollution on the photosynthetic pigments of Ipomea fistulosa and Phoenix sylvestris., All India seminar on Air Pollution Control., Indore, Abs. 19-21.
  18. Seyyednejad S.M. and Koochak H. (2013)., Some morphological and biochemical responses due to industrial air pollution in Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC plant., African Journal of Agricultural Research., 8(18), 1968-1974.
  19. Tripathi A.K. and Gautam M. (2007)., Biochemical parameters of plants as indicators of air pollution., J. Environ. Biol., 28,127-132.
  20. Thambavani D.S. and Maheswari J. (2014)., Response of Native Tree Species to Ambient Air Quality., Chemical Science Transactions., 3(1), 438-444.
  21. Agbaire P.O. and Akporhonor E.E. (2014)., The Effects of Air Pollution on Plants around the Vicinity of the Delta Steel Company, Ovwian-Aladja, Delta State, Nigeria., Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology., 8(7), 61-65.
  22. Keller T. and Schwager H. (1977)., Air pollution and ascorbic acid., Europ. J. Forest Pathol., 7, 338-350.
  23. Lima J.S., Fernandes E.B. and Fawcett W.N. (2000)., Mangifera indica and Phaseolus vulgaris in the bioindicator of air pollution in Bahia, Brazil., Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 46(3), 275-278.
  24. Rai P.K., Panda L.L.S., Chutia B.M. and Singh M.M. (2013)., Comparative assessment of air pollution tolerance index (APTI) in the industrial (Rourkela) and non industrial area (Aizawl) of India., An eco-management approach, 7(10), 944-948.
  25. Varshney S.R.K. and Varshney C.K. (1984)., Effects of Sulphur dioxide on ascorbic acid in crop plants., Environ. Pollut., 35(4), 285-290.
  26. Saha D.C. and Padhy P.K. (2011)., Effects of stone crushing industry on Shorea robusta and Madhuca indica foliage in Lalpahari forest., Atmospheric Pollution Research., 2, 463-476.
  27. Dohmen G.P., Koppers A. and Langebartels C. (1990)., Biochemical response of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) towards 14-month exposure to ozone and acid mist: Effects on amino acid, glutathione and polyamine titers., Environl Pollut., 64(3-4), 375-383.