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Role of Forensic Statement Analysis in Questioned Document: A Review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Institute of Research and Development, Raksha Shakti University, New Mental Corner, Meghaninagar Ahmedabad, Gujrat, 380016, India
  • 2Institute of Research and Development, Raksha Shakti University, New Mental Corner, Meghaninagar Ahmedabad, Gujrat, 380016, India
  • 3Institute of Research and Development, Raksha Shakti University, New Mental Corner, Meghaninagar Ahmedabad, Gujrat, 380016, India

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (4), Pages 51-54, April,2 (2016)

Abstract

Forensic statement analysis, involves examination of the words, word frames and content of the statements given during legal proceedings as it is anticipated that while being deceitful, people use different words, phrases, word frames and content in their statements. Basis for Forensic statement analysis depends on the fact that people do not lie. Individuals do speak truth in general course. Even while they lie, they will tell a partial truth. Since, it is easier to speak up the partial truth than to completely concoct a statement. The present paper reviews the comparison between words of subject\'s statement and other words used in the same statement, by dividing them into smaller individual elements to retrieve any important information or deception in that statement. The technique of forensic statement analysis, which is a bridge between linguistic polygraph and crime scene profiling, enables the IO (Investigating Officer) to get the information about the suspect and also to know the root cause of the crime which is used primarily for detecting deception. The information extracted can be used for further interviews/interrogations. In India, Forensic statement analysis is an upcoming technique which has not been explored much. Although its strength can be judged based on its usage in a handful of popular cases. Minute examination with effective detection of deception only from the statement structure helps the forensic examination to step ahead in investigation.

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