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The Genus Calotropis: An Overview on Bioactive Principles and their Bioefficacy

Author Affiliations

  • 1Medicinal Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, 302004, Rajasthan, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 5, Issue (1), Pages 61-70, January,2 (2016)

Abstract

The herbal medicines occupy distinct position right from ancient period. Many higher plants accumulate extractable organic approaches substances in quantities sufficient to be economically management of diseases. The genus Calotropis possesses two species i. e. C. procera and C. gigantea .They contain many phytochemicals with potential pharmacological activities. C. procera has been investigated for many genes such as USBS1450, expansin gene, Usp-like gene and MAPK-like gene. The most important of chemically active constituents of plants are alkaloids, tannin, flavonoid and phenolic compounds. Both species have been known to possess antimicrobial, analgesic, antitumor, antioxidant, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-malarial activity etc. They are also using as a source of methane, through anaerobic fermentation for bio fuel production.

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