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The Relationship between HRM Practices and Social capital via the Moderating Role of Organizational Performance in Islamic Azad universities of Gilan province, Iran

Author Affiliations

  • 1Islamic Azad University, Astara, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (3), Pages 52-62, March,2 (2015)


University and higher education system are the main focus of creation and development of social capital in the society. Hence, it's Development via the production and improvement of social capital will make higher education institutions to effectively advance the economic, social and cultural developments. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between HRM practices and social capital via the moderating role of organizational performance in Islamic Azad universities of Gilan province. This research is a correlation study in the branch of descriptive studies. The statistical population of this study includes all faculty members and staff of Gilan Islamic Azad Universities, among which Lahijan, Rasht, Astara, Anzali and Hashtpar branches were chosen. The population size of this research is 720, including 622 faculty members and 98 staff. The sampling method is stratified random sampling with proportional allocation and based on Azad University branches of Gilan province. The Sample size of survey was found as 256, using Morgan's table. The data collection method is using questionnaire (social capital, HRM practices and organizational performance questionnaires). Analysis of validity is based on confirmatory factor structures using LISREL software. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed high validity coefficients for each indicator (structural social capital, human resource management and practices, and organizational performance). Also reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha. To test the hypothesis, Pearson correlation coefficient test inSPSS18 software was. The results show that there is a significant relationship between HRM practices and social capital and its dimensions. However, organizational performance does not moderate this relationship. The correlation between the variables was evaluated in a comprehensive model based on Structural Equation Modeling. The offered model (derived from the conceptual model) with AMOS 18 software shows that the experimental data were fitted to the observed data.


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