9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

The Relationship between HRM Practices and Social capital via the Moderating Role of Organizational Performance in Islamic Azad universities of Gilan province, Iran

Author Affiliations

  • 1Islamic Azad University, Astara, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (3), Pages 52-62, March,2 (2015)

Abstract

University and higher education system are the main focus of creation and development of social capital in the society. Hence, it's Development via the production and improvement of social capital will make higher education institutions to effectively advance the economic, social and cultural developments. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between HRM practices and social capital via the moderating role of organizational performance in Islamic Azad universities of Gilan province. This research is a correlation study in the branch of descriptive studies. The statistical population of this study includes all faculty members and staff of Gilan Islamic Azad Universities, among which Lahijan, Rasht, Astara, Anzali and Hashtpar branches were chosen. The population size of this research is 720, including 622 faculty members and 98 staff. The sampling method is stratified random sampling with proportional allocation and based on Azad University branches of Gilan province. The Sample size of survey was found as 256, using Morgan's table. The data collection method is using questionnaire (social capital, HRM practices and organizational performance questionnaires). Analysis of validity is based on confirmatory factor structures using LISREL software. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed high validity coefficients for each indicator (structural social capital, human resource management and practices, and organizational performance). Also reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha. To test the hypothesis, Pearson correlation coefficient test inSPSS18 software was. The results show that there is a significant relationship between HRM practices and social capital and its dimensions. However, organizational performance does not moderate this relationship. The correlation between the variables was evaluated in a comprehensive model based on Structural Equation Modeling. The offered model (derived from the conceptual model) with AMOS 18 software shows that the experimental data were fitted to the observed data.

References

  1. Pani S.K., Organizational Social Capital : A Theoretical and Mathematical Treatment, Strategic Management Forum (SMF) Annual Conference, IIT Kanpur, India, May 2008, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore(2008)
  2. Kang S.H., Morris S.S. and Snell S.A., Relational archetypes, organizational learning, and value creation: Extending the human resource architecture, Academy of Management Review, 32(1), 236–256 (2007)
  3. Kaše R., Paauwe J. and Zupan N., HRM practices, interpersonal relations, and intrafirm knowledge transfer in knowledge-intensive firms: A social network perspective, Human Resource Management48(4), 615–639 (2009)
  4. Bhatt G., Managing knowledge through people knowledge and processes, Journal of knowledge management, 5(1), 165-171 (1998)
  5. Boxall P. and Macky K., Research and theory on high performance work systems: Progressing the high-involvement stream, Human Resource Management Journal, 19(1), 3–23 (2009)
  6. Boxall P. and Purcell J., Strategy and human resource management, Basingstoke : Palgrave, (2004)
  7. Lepak D.P., Liao H., Chung Y. and Harden E.H., A conceptual review of human resource management systems in strategic human resource management research, In J.J. Martocchio (Ed.), Research in personnel and human resources management, 25, 217–271, Oxford, UK: Elsevier, (2006)
  8. Nahapiet J. and Ghoshal S., Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organization advantage, Academy of Management Review,23(2), 242–266 (1998)
  9. Jackson S.E., Chuang C.H., Harden E.E. and Jiang Y., Toward developing human resource management systems for knowledge-intensive teamwork, In J. J. Martocchio (Ed.), Research in personnel and human resources management, 25, 27–70, Oxford, UK: Elsevier (2006)
  10. Chuang C.H. et al., Human resource management practices and organizational social capital : The role of industrial characteristics, Journal of Business Research,(2012)
  11. Collins C.J. and Smith K.G., Knowledge exchange and combination : The role of human resource practices in the performance of high-technology firms, Academy of Management Journal, 49(3), 544–560 (2006)
  12. Scabrough H., knowledge management, hrm and innovation process, Int J Manpow,24(5), 601-516 (2003)
  13. Aarnoutse N., Do HR practices affect Organizational Citizenship Behavior and (how) is this relation moderated by Leader Informing Behavior?, An analysis of Dutch survey data at team level. Master thesis, (2010)
  14. Appelbaum E., Bailey T., Berg P. and Kalleberg A., Manufacturing advantage: Why high-performance work systems pay off, It haca, NY: Cornell University Press (2000)
  15. Adler PS. and Kwon SW., Social capital, Prospects for a new concept, The Academy of Management Review, 27(1), 17-40 (2002)
  16. Zheng W., A social capital perspective of innovation from individuals to nations: where is empirical literature directing us?, International Journal of Management Reviews, 10(4), 1-39 (2008)
  17. Brooks K. and Nafukho F.M., Human resource development, social capital, emotional intelligence : Any link to productivity?, Journal of European Industrial Training, 30(2), 117-128 (2006)
  18. Kaasa A., Effects of different dimensions of social capital on innovative activity: Evidence from Europe at the regional level,PhD dissertation, University of Tartu, (2008)
  19. Patterson M.G., The impact of people management practices on performance, London: Institute for personnel and development, (1997)
  20. Katou A., Measuring the impact of HRM on organizational performance, University of Macedonia (GREECE) JIEM, 1(02), 119-142 (2008)
  21. Bhirud Sachin, Rodrigues Lewlyn and Desai Pradeep, Knowledge sharing practices in Km: A case study in Indian software subsidiary, Journal of Knowledge Management Practice, Retrieved April 02, 2006, from http://www.tlainc.com/articl103.htm , (2005)
  22. Woolcook, Using Social Capital: Getting the Social Relations Right in the Theory and Practice of Economic Development , Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, forthcoming (2001)
  23. Putnam R.D, Bowling Alone: America's Declining Social Capital, Journal of Democracy, 6(23),123-174 (1995)
  24. Burt R.S., Structural Holes, the social structure of competition, Harvard: Cambridge University Press, (1992)
  25. Stone W., Measuring social capital, Working Paper, Australian Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne, (2000)
  26. Coleman J.S., Social capital in the creation of human capital, The American Journal of sociology, 94(S1), 95-120 (1988)
  27. Latham, The search for social capital, Center for Independent Studies, Sydney, 240–245 (1997)
  28. Orr J., Sharing knowledge, celebrating identity: war stories and unity memory in a service Culture, In D. S. Middleton and D. Edwards, Collective Remembering : Memory in Society (169-189), Beverely Hills, CA: sage, (1990)
  29. Bruner J.S., Acts of meaning, Cambridge, MA; Harvard university press, (1990)
  30. Madani Ghahfarokh S., Payamadhaye jensiatye, takhribe sarmayeye ejtemaei, Journal of Women's Studies; 1(5), 7-34 [Persian] (2003)
  31. Najafi Ghiri H, Pour Kiani M and Nekouei Moghadam M., Relationship between social capital and institutional approval of executive organizations in Rafsanjan province, [Dissertation]. Islamic Azad University, Rafsanjan Branch, Rafsanjan; [Persian], (2010)
  32. Vilanova E.P. and Josa R.T., Social capital as managerial phenomenon, Tampere: University of Technology (2003)
  33. Danchev A., Social capital and sustainable behavior of the firm, Industrial Management and Data System, 106(7), 953-965 (2006)
  34. Leana C.R. and Van Burren H.J., Organizational Social Capital and Employment Practices, Academy of Management Review, 24(3), 121-134 (1999)
  35. Maurer I., Bartsch V. and Ebers M., The value of intra-organizational social capital: How it fosters knowledge transfer, innovation performance, and growth. Organization Studies, 32(2), 157–185Armstrong, M., A handbook of personnel management practices. 4th ed. London: Kogan Press, (1993)
  36. Tsai W. and Ghoshal S., Social capital and value creation : The role of intra-firm networks, Academy of Management Journal, 41(4), 464–476 (1998)
  37. Subramaniam M. and Youndt M.A., The influence of intellectual capital on the types of innovative capabilities, Academy of Management Journal, 48(3), 450–463 (2005)
  38. Noe R.A., Hollenbeck J.R. Gerhart B. and Wright P.M., Human Resource Management: Gaining a Competitive Advantage, 3rd ed. Boston : McGraw Hill, (2000)
  39. DeCenzo D.A. and Robbins S.P., Personnel/ Human Resource Management, 3rd ed. London: Prentice Hall. (1998)
  40. Rondeau V.K. and Wagar H.T., Reducing the hospital workforce : What is the role of human resource management practices?, Hospital Topics, 80, 12-18 (2002)
  41. Armstrang, A handbook of personnel management practice, London, Kogan page, (1996)
  42. Bell S. and Menguc B., The employee-organization relationship, organizational citizenship behaviors and superior service quality, Journal of Retailing, 78,(2), 46-131 (2002)
  43. Castro C.B., Armario E.M. and Ruiz D.M., The influence of employee organizational citizenship behavior on customer loyalty, International Journal of Service Industry Management, 15(1), 27-53 (2004)
  44. Cox A., Higgins T. and Speckesser S., Institute for Employment Studies, Brighton (UK), Management practices and sustainable organizational performance : An analysis of the European Company Survey, 2009, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, (2009)
  45. Huselid M.A., The impact of human resource management practices on turnover, productivity, and corporate financial performance, The Academy of Management Journal, 38(3), 635–72 (1995)
  46. King K, education, skills, sustainability and growth: complex relations, International Journal of educational development, 29(2), 175-181 (2009)
  47. Way S.A., High performance work systems and intermediate indicators of firm performance within the US small business sector, Journal of Management, 28(6), 765–85, available online at http://online.sagepub.com (2002)
  48. Wood, S.J. and Wall, T.D., Work enrichment and employee voice in human resource management performance studies, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18(7), 1, 335–72 (2007)
  49. Ashton, D. and Sung, J., Supporting workplace learning for high performance working. Geneva: International Labor Office (2002)
  50. Tangen, S., Professional practice performance measurement: From philosophy to practice. International Journal of Productivity and performance Management, 53(8), 726-37 (2004)
  51. Davenport. T, Prusak. L, Working knowledge-How organizations manage what they know, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, MA. (1998)
  52. Sheng, W., Raymond, A.N., Knowledge sharing: A review and directions for future research, Human Resource Management Review, (20), 115–131 (2010)
  53. Cabrera, E. F., and Cabrera, A., Fostering knowledge sharing through people management practices. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16, 720 735 (2005)
  54. Morris, S. S., Snell, S. A., and Lepak, D. P., An architectural approach to managing knowledge stocks and flows: Implications for reinventing the human resource function. In R. Burke, and C. Cooper (Eds.), Reinventing human resources: Challenges and new directions (57–80), London: Routledge Press. (2005)
  55. Drucker P.F., The coming of the New Organization, Harvard Business Review, 66(1), 230-245 (1998)
  56. Yu Y. Motivational foundation of individual knowledge sharing. Master’s Thesis. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Retrieved August 01, 2006, from http://lbxml.ust.hk/th_imgo/b834875.pd (2004)
  57. Kogut B. and Zander U., What do firm do?, Coordination, identity and learning, Organization Science,(5), 502–518 (1996)
  58. Fukuyama F, Trust: the social virtues and the creation prosperity, New York: Free Press, (1995)