6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2021) and workshop on Intellectual Property Rights on 8th and 9th May 2021.  10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th December 2021 Due to COVID-19.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effect of Drought Stress and Using Zeolite on Some Quantitative and Qualitative Traits of Three Maize Varieties

Author Affiliations

  • 1College of Agriculture, Shahr-e-Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN
  • 2 Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (2), Pages 1-7, February,2 (2015)


In order to study of the effects of drought stress and using zeolite on three maize varieties, an experiment was conducted in Seed and Plant Improvement Institute in Karaj, Iran in 2011. The experiment laid out as split plot in randomized complete block design with three replications. Treatments included three irrigation levels as main plots (irrigation after 70, 100 and 130 mm evaporation from standard class A evaporation pan), application of zeolite in two levels as sub plots included using 10 ton/ha zeolite and control (not using zeolite) and three maize varieties as sub sub-plot (Hybrids; SC704, SC705 and SC720). Among evaluated quantitative traits, drought stress led to decrease plant height, ear yield, forage yield and dry matter. The highest and lowest forage yield with averages 54.7 and 31.9 ton/ha resulted from normal and severe drought stress conditions, respectively. Drought stress reduced chlorophyll content of leaves significantly. Zeolite had significant effect on the morphological traits and using it increased forage yield about 9.42 percent in compare to control treatment. Using zeolite also had a significant increasing effect on chlorophyll content. SC720 had higher forage yield than two other varieties.


  1. Sasani S, Jahansooz MR and Ahmadi A., The effects of deficit irrigation on water–use efficiency, yield and quality of forage pearl millet, Proceeding of 4th International Crop Science Congress,(2004)
  2. Osborne SL, Scheppers JS, Francis DD and Schlemmer MR., Use of spectral radiation – season biomass and grain yield in nitrogen and water stressed corn, Crop. Sci., 42, 165-171(2002)
  3. Jafari P and Imani MR, Study of drought stress and plant density on yield and some agronomical traits of maize KSC 301, Abstracts of the 8th. Iranian Congress of Crop Sciences, College of Agriculture, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran, (2004)
  4. Imam Y and Ranjbar G, Impact of plant density and drought stress in growth stage on yield, yield elements and efficiency of water use in maize, Iranian Agricultural Sciences Journal,2(3), 510-562 (2000)
  5. Chatzopoulos F, Fugit JF and Ouillous L, Etudeocation function do different parameters dolabsptionetalla desorption do Sodium retitule, European Polymer Journal., 36, 51-60 (2000)
  6. Silberbush M, Adar E and De Malach Y, Use of a hydrophilic polymer to improve water storage and availability to crops grown in sand dunes, I. Corn irrigated by trickling, Agricultural Water Management,23, 303–313 (1993)
  7. Artiola JF, Non uniform leaching of nitrate and solute in furrow irrigation sludge-amended field, Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal.,22, 1013–1030 (1991)
  8. Zamanian M., Effects of different levels of zeolite application on soil water holding capacity, Iran Zeolite Conference, Amir Kabir University, 247-248 (2008)
  9. Gholi-Zadeh A, Esfahani M and Azizi M., Effects of water stress and use of natural zeolite on the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Deracocephalum moldavica L. herb, Journal of Research and Development on Natural Resources,73, 96-102 (2006)
  10. Khashei Sivaki A, Kouchak Zadeh M and Shahabi Far M, Impact of Clinoptilolite natural zeolite application and soil moisture on maize yield elements, Soil Research Journal (water and soil sciences),22(2), 235-241 (2008)
  11. Gholamhosseini M, Agha Alikhani M and Malakouti MJ, Effect of different levels of N and zeolite on qualitative and quantitative characteristics of autumn forage canola, Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Science and Technology, 45(b), 537-548 (2008)
  12. Ranjbar Choubeh M., The effect of irrigation and natural zeolite use on qualitative and quantitative yield of Coker tobacco, Master's thesis, Agriculture, University of Guilan, (2003)
  13. Neilson DC and Nelson NO, Black bean sensitivity to water stress at various growth stages, Crop sci., 28, 422–427 (1998)
  14. Polat E, Karaca M, Demir H and Naci Onus A, Use of natural zeolite (clinoptiloite) in agriculture, J. Fruit Orna. Plant Res.,12, 183-189 (2004)
  15. Sajedi N. and Sajedi A., Effects of drought stress on the agro physiologic characteristics of mycorrhiza SC704, Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences., 11(3), 202-222 (2009)
  16. Lafitte HR and Edmeades GO, Stress tolerance in tropical maize is linked to Constitutive change in ear growth characteristics, Crop Sci., 35, 820-826 (1995)
  17. Brad Ford KJ, Water Stress The Water Relations of Seed Development : A Critical Review, Crop Sci., 34, 1-11 (1994)
  18. Sepehri A, Modarres Sanavi M, Ghareh Yazy B. and Yamini A., Impact of water stress and different nitrogen levels on the growth, yield and yield components of maize, Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences,4(3), 184-201 (2002)
  19. Kouhestani Sh, Askari N and Maghsoudi K, Effect of superabsorbent hydrogel on maize yield under drought conditions, Iran Water Research Journal,3(5), 71-78 (2009)
  20. Torabi A, farahbakhsh H and Khajavi Nejad G., Impact of polymer on zeolite and drought stress levels and morphological characteristics of forage sorghum (speed feed), 11th Seminar on Irrigation and Evaporation Reduction, Kerman, (2011)
  21. Saqatoleslami M, Kafi M, Majidi Harvan A, Nourmohammadi Gh and Darvish F., Impact of drought stress on different stages of growth and yield of water use in 5 Common millet genotypes in South Khorasan, Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Science and Technology., 1(11), 215-225 (2007)
  22. Biddinger FR, Chandra S and Mahalakshmi V., Genetic improvement of tolerance to terminal drought stress in pearl millet., 59-64, In: J.M. Ribaut and D. Poland (Eds), Molecular approaches for the genetic planning for the genetic improvement of cereals for stable production in water limited environments (final report), A strategic planning workshop, held at CIMMIT, El Batan, Mexico, 21-25 June, (1999)
  23. Harvey J., Use of hydrogels to reduce leaf loss haster root, Establishment forest research., 45, 220–228 (2002)
  24. Nabati J and Rezvani Moghaddam P., Effect of irrigation intervals on the yield and quality of millet, sorghum and forage maize, Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences.,1-37(1), 21-29 (2006)
  25. Asay KH, Jensen KB, Waldron BL, Han G and Monaco TA, Forage quality of tall fescue across an irrigation gradient, Agron. J., 94, 1337-1343 (2002)
  26. Buxton DR, Quality-related characteristics of forages as influenced by plant environment and agronomic factors, Anim. Feed Sic. Technol., 59, 37-49 (1996)
  27. Schlemmer MR, Francis DD, Shanahan JF and Schepers JS, Remotely measuring chlorophyll content in corn leaves with differing nitrogen levels and relative water content, Agronomy Journal., 97(1), 106-112 (2005)
  28. Earl HJ and Davis RF, Effect of drought stress on leaf and whole canopy radiation use efficiency and yield of maize, Agronomy journal, 95(3), 688-696 (2003)
  29. Parry MA, Andralojc PJ, Khan S, Lea PJ and Keys AJ, Rubisco activity : Effects of drought stress, Annals of Botany,89(7), 833-839 (2002)