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The Effect of Narrative Therapy on Aggressive and Offensive Behaviors of Street and Working Children (Seven- to Ten-Year-Old) in Karaj City in Iran

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, IRAN
  • 2 Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, IRAN
  • 3 Neurologist, Neuropsychology and psychiatrist, Professor of Iran University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Rehabilitation, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (12), Pages 55-59, December,2 (2015)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to investigate effects of Narrative Therapy on decreasing aggressive and offensive behaviors among “street and working Children” in Karaj. Using a quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test design with control group, participants thirty aged 7 to 10-year-old street and working Children in Karaj, who were identified with the symptoms of aggressive and offensive behaviors through the checklist of Achenbach and Rescorla (2001) Teacher’s Report Form (TRF), were randomly categorized into two experiment and control groups of fifteen participants. The experiment group participated in fifteen sixty-minute group sessions based on White and Epston approach, while the control group did not receive any kind of therapy. The impact of the intervention was assessed through pre- and post-test and three and six-month delayed post-test. Data was analyzed using Variance Analysis with Repeated Measures. The result indicated that Narrative Therapy was effective in decreasing offensive behaviors of street and working Children without any impact on decreasing aggressive behaviors. To reduce and eliminate aggressive and offensive behaviors among street and working Children, an inclusive therapy plan that contains family problems as well is needed. Narrative Therapy in the framework of family therapy and regarding socio-cultural context of street and working Children can be effective in the improvement of their problematic behaviors.

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