6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

A New Method to Design of PID Controller for Load Frequency Control of Hydro Power Plant based Total Cost Function

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Electrical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Parsian Branch, Parsian, IRAN
  • 2 Centre of Excellence for Power System Automation and Operation, Department of Electrical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (12), Pages 88-94, December,2 (2015)


This paper presents a novel approach to design of PID controller of Load Frequency Control (LFC) in hydro power plant by selection of PID parameters with a new method. In the conventional power systems the automatic generation control (AGC) of hydro power plants has widely used in frequency control due to having the fast response and high capability for supplying the network against to large demand variation or following disturbance. So, it is important to best performance of frequency control section in hydro power plants. In the suggested method to conducting the simulation, the total cost function is considered which included the time domain characteristics, frequency domain characteristics and Integral of Absolute Error (IAE). Consequently to selection of PID parameters, the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) has successfully employed due to finding the global optimum PID parameters based total cost function. Finally, the response of LFC with PID controller based this method is compared with response of LFC without PID controller and with other methods in frequency control of hydro power plant such as transient droop compensation


  1. Saadat H., Power System Analysis”, McGraw-Hill, (2002)
  2. Kundur P., Power system stability and control, McGraw-Hill, (1994)
  3. Hiyama T., Application of rule based stabilizing controller to power systems, IEE Proc C, 136, 175–81, (1989)
  4. Grimble M.J., H controllers with a PID structure, Trans. ASME J. Dyn. Syst. Meas. Contr., 112, 325-336, (1990)
  5. Shafiei Z. and Shenton A.T., Tuning of PID-type controllers for stable and unstable systems with time delay, Automatica, 30, 1609-1615, (1994)
  6. Schei T.S, Automatic tuning of PID controllers based ontransfer function estimation, Automatica, 30, 1983-1989, (1994)
  7. HWANG S.H., Closed-loop automatic tuning of single-inputsingle-output systems, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,34, 2406-2417, (1995)
  8. Hwang S.H. and Shiu S.J., A new auto tuning method with specifications on dominant pole placement’, Int. J. Control,60, 265-282, (1994)
  9. Wang L , Barnes T.J.D. and Cluett W.R., ‘New frequency-domain design method for PID controllers’, ZEE Proc. D, 142, 265-271, (1995)
  10. J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, Particle swarm optimization”, in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Neural Networks (ICNN’95),Perth, Australia, , 1942–1948, (1995)
  11. Yongwei Zhang, FeiQiao, Jianfeng Lu, Lei Wang, Qidi Wu, “Performance Criteria Research on PSO-PID Control System, College of Electronics and Information Engineering”, Intelligent Computing and Cognitive Informatics (ICICCI), (2010)
  12. IEEE Working Group Report, Hydraulic turbine and turbine control models for system dynamic studies, IEEE Trans. Power Syst.,7(1), 167–179, (1992)
  13. Ming-Tzu Ho and Yi-Wei Tu, PID Controller design for a Flexible-link Manipulator, proceedings of the 44th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, and the European Control Conference, Seville, Spain, (2005)
  14. Holland JH, Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems”, The University of Michigan Press , Ann Arbor, (1975)
  15. Jong-Bae Park, Ki-Song Lee, Joong-Rin Shin and Lee K.Y., A particle swarm optimization for economic dispatch with nonsmooth cost functions, Power Systems, IEEE. Trans. 20, (2005)
  16. Kamil Çaatay Bayindir, Mehmet Ali Gözüküçük, Ahmet Teke, A comprehensive overview of hybrid electric vehicle: Powertrain configurations, powertrain control techniques and electronic control units, Energy Conversion and Management, 52(2), 1305-1313, (2011)
  17. Hasnain S.M., Review on sustainable thermal energy storage technologies, Part I: heat storage materials and techniques, Energy Conversion and Management, 39(11), 1127-1138, (1998)
  18. Ciprian Vlad, Iulian Munteanu, AntonetaIuliana Bratcu and Emil Ceang, Output power maximization of low-power wind energy conversion systems revisited: Possible control solutions, Energy Conversion and Management,51(2), 305-310, (2010)
  19. Elahemasomi, Amir Eghdami, Mohsen Derakhshanasl, Saeid Ashore and Peyman Ghanimat, The Relationship between Organizational Climate Dimensions and Corporate Entrepreneurship (Case Study: MeshkinshahrPayam Noor University, Iran), Res. J. Recent Sci.,2(11), 107-113, (2013)
  20. Movahedi M.M., A Statistical Method for Designing and analyzing tolerances of Unidentified Distributions, Res. J. Recent Sci.,2(11), 55-64, (2013)
  21. Rosman Md. Y., Shah F.A., Hussain J. and Hussain A, Factors Affecting the Role of Human Resource Department in Private Healthcare Sector in Pakistan: A Case Study of Rehman Medical Institute (RMI), Res. J. Recent Sci.,2(1),84-90, (2013)
  22. Mohammad Aghaei, Amin Asadollahi, Maryam Tonekaboni, Nasim Tajasom and Samin Abbasi, Investigating the Impact of Store Brand Price-Image and Retailer Equity Dimensions on ETKA Chain Store Customer's Purchase Intention, Res. J. Recent Sci.,2(11), 5-11, (2013)
  23. Muhammad Usman and Ikufumi Tomimoto, The Aging Population of Japan: Causes, Expected Challenges and Few Possible Recommendations, Res. J. Recent Sci.,2(11), 1-4 (2013)
  24. Bora Abhijit, Science Communication through Mass Media, Res. J. Recent Sci.,1(1), 10-15 (2012)