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Environmental Impact of Sugar mill Effluent on the Quality of Groundwater from Sangamner, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Research Center in Chemistry, Sangamner Nagarpalika Arts, D.J. Malpani Commerce & B.N. Sarda Science College, Sangamner 422605, Dist. Ahmednagar, MS, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (ISC-2013), Pages 385-392, (2014)

Abstract

Among the factors polluting the soil and groundwater, sugar mills certainly have a larger share in form of their discharges of the large account of wastewater as effluent. Increasing use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in raising the sugarcane production has also resulted in the degradation of soil and groundwater quality. Taking this view into amount, the present study aimed at conducting a detailed investigation of the impact of sugar mill effluent on the ground water quality in the vicinity of sugar mills in Sangamner. Fifteen groundwater samples were analysed for various parameters like pH, EC, TDS, Na, K, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl, HCO3, SO2-4, PO3-4, NO3 and total hardness during the period of operation of sugar mill. The results revealed that there was significant variation in some parameters. The high values of Ca, Na, chloride, sulphates, nitrates and hardness in the samples which are located downstream suggest that sugar mill effluent is the source of soil and groundwater pollution. According to permissible limit suggested by Indian standard drinking water specification -1991. During this study, it was found that the samples in flowing to the downward direction land located in the close proximity of stream of effluent are not suitable for either drinking or irrigation purposes. The investigation suggests that water quality management, an important issue for the sustenance of human civilization must become a major priority.

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