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Report of Bacterial Diseases of Tomato from Marathwada Region of Maharashtra, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Botany, Shri Muktanand College, Gangapur, 431 109, Dist. Aurangabad MS, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (ISC-2013), Pages 302-304, (2014)

Abstract

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is one of the most popular vegetables in the world. Tomato is grown in all the states of India. Tomato production is sensitive to temperature. It is good source of vitamins C and A. Tomatoes suffer through number of diseases caused by fungi, Bacteria, viruses etc. Three bacterial diseases of tomato were recorded from Marathwada region of Maharashtra (India) viz. Bacterial spot (caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria), bacterial speck (caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato) and bacterial canker (Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis). Symptoms of bacterial spot were recorded as small, brown, water soaked, circular spots surrounded with yellowish halo on leaves and as the disease advances green fruits also get affected. Bacterial speck shows symptoms like burning of leaf margins, stunted growth and in severe infection death of seedlings was also recorded. Bacterial canker disease chiefly affect the fruits to show water soaked spots with a white halo which later turn in dark brown, corky and cankerous. All these bacterial diseases of tomato were recorded from all the districts of Marathwada region.

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