6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effect of leaf Extract of Nilakumil, (gmelina asiatica) against the Root knot Nematode, (Meloidogyne incognita)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College (Autonomous), Sivakasi – 626 124, Affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (ISC-2013), Pages 264-266, (2014)

Abstract

Studies on the identification and use of local plant extracts for the control of plant parasitic nematodes, or integrated control methods are the current areas of research in plant nematology. The present study was undertaken to identify the new activities from plant origin for their nematicidal activity to determine the egg hatchability and nematode larval mortality of root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita. Many plants are known to have nematicidal properties which may be utilized as organic amendments or biopestcides. Many scientists have carried out the research on plant extracts for the control of root knot nematodes .The extract of Gmelina asiatica plant leaves at different concentrations (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 ppm) were tested on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita egg masses. The nematicidal activity of G.asiatica leaves, inhibition of egg hatchability and larval mortality were decreased with increase in all the concentrations of leaf extract. Larval mortality was increased gradually with increased period of exposure time and increasing concentrations of leaf extract. They reported a reduction in egg hatchability and an increase in nematode larval mortality. Hence, the present investigations on nematicidal potential of plant species G.asiatica against the root knot nematodes, M.incognita.

References

  1. Sasser J.N., Economic importance of Meloidogyne in tropical countries. In: Lamberti, F. and Taylor, C.F. (Eds.). Root-knot nematodeMeloidogyne spp.): Systematics, biology and control,Academic Press, New York, 359-374 (1979)
  2. Sasser J.N. and Carter C.C., Overview of the International Meloidogyne Project 1975-1984. In: Sasser, J.N. and Carter, C.C. (Eds.), Advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne Vol. 1. Biology and control,North Carolina State University, Graphics, Raleigh, USA, 19-24 (1985)
  3. Sasser J.N. and Freckman D.W., A world perspective on nematology: The Role of The Society. In: Veech, J.A. and Dickson, N.W. (Eds.). Vistas on Nematology. Society of Nematologists, Hyattsville, Maryland, US, 7-14 (1987)
  4. Back M.A., Haydock P.P.J. and Jenkinson P., Disease complexes involving plant parasitic nematodes and soil born pathogen, Plant Path, 51, 683-697 (2002)
  5. Castello P., Cortes J.A.N., Tinoco D.G., Vito M.D. and Diaz R.M.J., Interactions between Meloidogyne artiellia, the cereal and legume root-knot nematodes and Fusarium oxisporum .sp. ciceris race 5 in chickpea, Phytopath,93, 1513-1523 (2003)
  6. Manzanilla Lopez, R.H.E.K. and Bridge J., Plant diseases caused by nematodes. CABI Publish, Beijing, China, 135–150 (2004)
  7. Washira P.M., Kimenju J.W., Okoth S.A. and Miley R.K., Stimulation of nematode destroying fungi by organic amendments applied in management of plant parasitic nematode, Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, , 153-159 (2009)
  8. Umar I., Muhammad Z. and Okusanya B.A.O., Effect of organic amendments on the control of Meloidogyne javanica (Kofoid and White, 1919)Chitwood, 1949) on Tomato (Lycopersicon lycopersicum, Mill). Agriculture, Business and Technology Journal, 8, 63-77 (2010)
  9. Finney J.C., Probit analysis, Cambridge University Press, London, 33–37 (1971)
  10. Chitwood D.J., Phytochemical based strategies for nematode control, Annu. Rev. Phytopathol,40, 221–249 (2002)
  11. Jourand P., Rapior S., Fargette M. and Mateille T., Nematostatic effects of a leaf extract from Crotalaria virgulata subsp grantiana on Meloidogyne incognita and its use to protect tomato roots, Nematology,6, 765–771 (2004)
  12. Hussain, M.A., Mukhtar T. and Kayani M.Z., Efficacy evaluation of Azadirachta indica, Calotropis procera, Datura stramonium and Tagetes erecta against root knot nematodes Meloidogyne incognita,Pak. J. Bot., 43, 197–204 (2011a)
  13. Kinghorn A.D. and Smolenski S.J., Alkaloids of papilionoideae. In: Polhill, R.M.,Raven, P.H. (Eds.), Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 2, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK, 585–598 (1981)
  14. Oka Y., Nacar S., Putievsky E., Ravid U., Yaniv Z. and Spiegel Y., Nematicidal activity of essential oils and their components against the root-knot nematode, Phytopathology , 90, 710–715 (2000)
  15. Oka Y., Nematicidal activity of essential oil components against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica, Nematology 3, 159–164 (2001)
  16. Abdalla E.M., Woon L.D., Chan P.J., Bin Y.H. and Yul C.H., Evaluation of various plant extracts for their nematicidal efficacies against juveniles of Meloidogyneincognita, J. Asia-Pasific Entomology, 11, 99-102 (2008)
  17. Adegbite A.A., Comparative effects of carbofuran and water extracts of Chromoleana odorata on growth, yield and food components of root knot nematode infested soybean (Glycine max (L), Merill). Ph.D Dissertation, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 47-64 (2003)
  18. Cayrol J.C., Djian C. and Pijarowski L., Study of the nematocidal properties of the culture filtrate of the nematophagous fungus Paecilomyces lilacinus, Revue de Ne´matologie, 12, 331-336 (1989)
  19. Trifonovo Z. and Atanasov A., Investigation on the nematicidal effects of some plant extracts on mortality and hatching of Meloidogyne incognita and Globodera rostochiensis,Plant Science, 46, 548-554 (2009)