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Development of Nano structure Plasmon Gold by Green Synthesis for Fabrication of Bio/Chemical Sensor

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Physics, Saveetha Engineering College, Chennai, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (ISC-2013), Pages 14-19, (2014)

Abstract

More recently, metallic nanostructure particles have been fruitfully employed in chemical and bio sensors. Recent technological breakthrough in the fabrication of gold and silver nano particles has developed nano Plasmon.Usefulness of biomaterials and metal catalyst in many reactions is an urgent need of the society to fulfil our requirements. As per the environmental issue it is our responsibility to avoid hazardous effect of metal. So choice of biocompatible and micro- to nano-gram scale catalyst instead of toxic and gram scale is critical. Plasmon material suitable for the fabrication of low cost biosensors and chemical sensors based on localized surface Plasmon resonance (LSPR), can be fabricated by a simple methodology based on producing thin film of Au on commercially available transparent surfaces. This paper presents critical review of green Synthesis of Gold nano particle used in fabrication of bio and chemical sensors. Synthesis of gold nano structured materials by reduction reaction between gold salt and suitable green reducing agent is being investigated. Literature on concentration of gold solution and reducing agent, synthesis parameters and mixing rate effect to particle size have been reviewed. Fabricating these nanostructures with an unprecedented control over their sizes,shapes and spacing is an essential requirement for the construction of nanoscale optical and photonic devices. This inspired us to make our own contributions to this exciting and highly relevant field. It is important to develop a system, useful as a sensor that identifies the presence of gases or bio molecules at low part-per-billion concentrations in gaseous media and biomaterials. Shift of surface Plasmon resonance peak can be monitored using the Raman Spectroscopy while gold nanostructure is exposed to variable concentration of poisonous gases like ozone and CO and bio molecules like cancer cells in blood.

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