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The Conceptual Framework for Commercialization of Research Findings in Iranian Universities

Author Affiliations

  • 1Faculty of Management and Economic, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IRAN
  • 2 Department of Management, Economics and Accounting, Payam Noor University, Tehran, IRAN
  • 3 Payam Noor University, Tehran, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (5), Pages 26-32, May,2 (2014)

Abstract

Changes in economic and social environments caused the traditional approach to universities and research centers as the producers of knowledge to be revised and a new approach to be configured. In this approach, the universities are more responsible for turning their research achievements into the factors of economic growth, prosperity and society wealth and should make more attempts to transfer and employ knowledge in economic, social and industrial areas so as to be interpreted as the commercialization of research results and accepted as one of the main missions and functions of universities besides the education and research. Lack of a comprehensive and integrated framework for the commercialization of research findings in universities was the salient issue identified in the literature. Presenting a conceptual model in response to the question “how to commercialize research results”, it is expected to solve a real problem of universities and it answers the theoretical gaps in this study field. This paper probes for a comprehensive conceptual framework with an exploratory study and comparative to identify the stages of commercialization process and most important factors which form the background to achieve commercialization and classification of factors on the basis of the characteristics of each component/ factor/ variable within a Tri-Category conceptual framework. With combination of variables and generation of the three dimensions of context, structure, content, and also the stages of commercialization process, the conceptual framework of this study was developed. Thus, the mentioned factors provide the conditions to facilitate commercialization process and provide its realization.

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