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Comparative Analysis of Simile in Theosophical Verses of Bustan and Theosophical Poems of Motanabbi

Author Affiliations

  • 12 Persian Language and Literature, Birjand University, Birjand, IRAN
  • 2 Dept. of Arabic Language and Literature, Birjand University, Birjand, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (12), Pages 87-91, December,2 (2014)

Abstract

Simile is one of the greatest and most fundamental expressions which considerably fantasize poems. The present study descriptively-analytically and comparatively discussed and statistically analyzed simile in theosophical verses of Bustan and theosophical poems of Motanabbi in terms of sides of comparison, sensibility or intellectuality, singularity or collectiveness, point of comparison. Although Saadi and Motanabbi both used different types of simile, they are statistically different in terms of using simile. Totally, 311 figures of speech were extracted from theosophical verses of Bustan. Of this, 97 (31%) were simile. From theosophical poems of Motanabbi, 112 figures of speech were also extracted of which 43 (38%) were simile; this indicates that Motanabbi tended more to use simile. In addition, results show that Saadi used singular, eloquent, explicit and non-complex similes in most cases; while Motanabbi most used implicit, restricted or collective, complex and inexplicit similes.

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