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Developing Neo-Vernacular Building Technologies to Integrate Natural and Built Environments: A Model Tourist Village in Qeshm Island

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IRAN
  • 2Architecture and Building Technology, University of Tehran, Tehran, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (12), Pages 78-86, December,2 (2014)

Abstract

Human beings have, throughout history, made different but evolutionary relations with the earth on the basis of their ideology and way of thinking and are now entering the fourth cultural era in which ecology and the Earth, as the source of life, are in the center of attention. During these evolutionary stages, the way of considering technology, has processed the natural environment to create built environment and this process has led to the formation of many new revolutions in construction technology in the last hundred years. These new technologies, mainly steel and concrete ones, have defectively entered the rural areas in developing countries and changed the environmental quality of the built environment. This research, which roots in the eco-centric paradigm, firstlycovers a brief review on the necessity of conserving natural environment and then investigates the relation of man, nature and the built environment and the schools of architecture in relation to nature; Following the initial introduction, modern building technologies are analytically compared with those of vernacular and the concept of neo-vernacular architecture is introduced. Eventually, on the basis of this knowledge and investigating the geographical, natural and architectural features of Qeshm Island, a tourist village has been designed in which proper neo-vernacular nature-friendly construction technologies are proposed. The tourist role of the complex contributes to the spread of the idea within the region, the country and the similar developing countries.

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