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The Relation between Personality Type, Locus of Control, Occupational Satisfaction and Occupational Exhaustion and Determining the Effectiveness of Stress Inoculation Training (SIT) on Reducing it among staffers of Saipa Company

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Business Management, Branch, Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Tehran, IRAN
  • 2 Department of Business Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN
  • 3 Master of Executive Management Business Administration, Science and research Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Amol, Mazandaran, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (12), Pages 6-11, December,2 (2013)

Abstract

The primary goal of this investigation was to find out the role and contribution of each of the variables of personality types, locus of control and occupational satisfaction on job burnout. The second purpose of this study was to understand the effectiveness of Stress Inoculation Training (SIT) in reducing occupational exhaustion and increasing occupational satisfaction. In order to achieve the mentioned purposes, we selected a sample group of 310 staffers, randomly from 22 classes of staffers who had participated in Training Courses during their work in Saipa Factory. We have conducted the tests of occupational exhaustion, personality type, locus of control and occupational satisfaction on them. Then we randomly selected 40 subjects from all 52 people who have gained a mark more than one and a standard deviation over mean in occupational exhaustion test, and again divided them randomly into two groups; an experimental group and a control group, each group having 20 subjects. The experimental group participated in the courses of Stress Inoculation Training consisting of nine 45 minute sessions. The techniques and methods used for experimental group are: getting acquainted with career stresses, discussion about consequences and difficulties of stress, clarifying the role of thoughts and beliefs in revelation of stress and its relationship to occupational exhaustion and job dissatisfaction, administrating techniques of mental imagery, cognitive reproduction, muscular relaxation, problem solving, thought stopping, self-sufficiency and etc. The results indicated that: Firstly, there is a significant positive relation between occupational exhaustion and personality type. Secondly, there is a significant inverse relationship between occupational exhaustion and locus of control. Thirdly, there is a considerable inverse relation between occupational exhaustion and occupational satisfaction (P < 0/01). The results of multiple regression analysis indicated that personality type, locus of control and occupational satisfaction can predict occupational exhaustion. In gradation, the first is occupational satisfaction, locus of control is the second, and personality type is the third. The results from experimental group and control group express that Stress Inoculation Training method is effective in reducing occupational exhaustion (P < 0/01) and increasing occupational satisfaction (P < 0/01).

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