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Health effects of PM2.5 particulates: a brief season wise study in durg residential areas

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Durg-491001 CG, India
  • 2Department of Chemistry, Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Durg-491001 CG, India
  • 3Department of Applied Chemistry, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg-491001, CG, India
  • 4School of Studies in Chemistry, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur-492010, CG, India

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 8, Issue (8), Pages 1-5, August,18 (2018)

Abstract

The residential houses of many developing countries have been polluted with high indoor particulate pollution due to combustion of biomass fuels and penetration of outdoor emission sources. The high PM2.5 level is the root of different type's health problems in residential houses and neighbourhood poor peoples. 90 samples of PM2.5, across the two seasons namely summer and winter, were collected on quartz fiber filters in each three different residential areas (three houses each in residential colony, near roadside, and in industrial zone) monitoring sites of Durg district, Chhattisgarh, India to determine their concentration levels and to investigate comparison with those reported in National ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). The sampled filters were analysed for mass gravimetrically using six-digit electronic balance. The mass concentrations of PM2.5 has shown following trend in summer: roadside houses (188.95 ± 58.2µg/m3) > industrial zone houses (151.55 ± 47.69µg/m3) > residential colony houses (130.18 ± 43.80µg/m3). The mass concentrations of PM2.5 trend obtained in winter was: roadside houses (347.99 ± 78.71µg/m3) > industrial zone houses (315.84 ± 87.7µg/m3) > residential colony houses (188.75 ± 64.20µg/m3). The higher PM2.5 concentration level has been found compared to NAAQS (60µg.m-3 for 24 hour). The meteorological parameters, ventilation system, house configuration and cooking activity patterns have been strongly effecting the indoor PM2.5concentration levels.

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