Evaluation of lead and chromium in cosmetic products and detergents sold in Tripoli, Libya
- 1Tajoura Nuclear Research Center, Tajura, Libya
- 2Advanced Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Tajura, Libya
- 3Advanced Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Tajura, Libya
- 4Advanced Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Tajura, Libya
- 5Advanced Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Tajura, Libya
Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 8, Issue (11), Pages 1-6, November,18 (2018)
Assessment of the level of contamination with lead (Pb) and chromium (Cr) was carried out in cosmetic and detergent products collected randomly from Libyan market. Pb and Cr were determined in triplicate using continuum source graphite furnace Atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Both toxic metals were prominently detected in all tested samples. The mean ± SD concentrations of Pb and Cr in mg/kg are as follows: Pb 0.894±0.060µg/g and Cr 1.156±0.0023µg/g in cosmetic products samples, Pb 0.373±0.0035µg/g and Cr 0.367±0.0373µg/g in detergents samples, In Kohl samples the mean ± SD concentrations of Pb and Cr in mg/kg are 52.45±6.84µg/g and 1.564±0.042 µg/g respectively. The mean ± SD concentration of Pb was 1.007±0.00052µg/g and Cr was 2.339±0.00135µg/g in nail polishers. The mean results of 6 lipstick samples ranged thus: 1.02±0.050µg/g and 1.24±0.0388µg/g, Pb and Cr respectively. The mean ± SD concentration of Pb was 1.230±0.0016µg/g and Cr was 1.092±0.0023µg/g in eye shadow. Therefore, contamination of the tested products by Pb in descending order of Kohl > eye shadow > lipsticks > nail polishers >detergents > skin creams. The contamination of the tested products by Cr in descending order of nail polishers > Kohl > lipsticks > eye shadow > detergents > skin creams.
- Brett Spiegel. Report in 2nd of May (2013)., "Risky Lipstick: Dangerous Metals in Lip Products" On line today J. Environmental Health Perspectives.,
- Abulude F.O., Ogunkova M.O., Ogunleye R.F., Emidun O. and Abulude A.I. (2007)., Assessment of the content of Pb, Cd, Ni and Cr in soaps & detergents from Akure, Nigeria., Res. J. Environ. Toxic, 1(2), 102-104.
- Grosser Z., Davidowsk L.I. and Thompson L. (2012)., Method development for the determination of cadmium in lipsticks Application Note, , PerkinElmer.Inc.
- Robert G. Allen (1995)., Analysis of heavy metals in Cleaning Products., Final report.
- Hepp N.M.W., Mindak R. and Cheng J. (2009)., Determination of total lead in lipstick: development and validation of a microwave-assisted digestion, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometric method., Journal of Cosmetic Science, 60(4), 405-414.
- Nnorom I.C., Igwe J.C. and Oji-Nnorom C.G. (2005)., Trace metal contents of facial (make-up) cosmetics commonly used in Nigeria African., J. biotech., (4)10, 1133-1138.
- Liu S., Hammond S.K., Rojas-Cheatham A. (2013)., Concentrations and Potential Health Risks of Metals in Lip Products., Environmental Health Perspectives, 121(6): 705-710.
- Amartey E.O., Asumadu-Sakyi A.B., Adjei C.A., Quashie F.K., Duodu G.O. and Bentil N.O. (2011)., Determination of Heavy Metals Concentration in Hair Pomades on the Ghanaian Market Using Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Technique., British J. Pharma.Toxico., 2(4), 192-198.
- Campaign for Safe Cosmetics. 2007., A Poison Kiss: The Problem of Lead in Lipstick., Available: http://www.safecosmetics.org/article.php?id=327.
- Ayenimo G., Yusuf A.M., Adekule A.S. and Makinde O.W. (2010)., Heavy metal exposure from personal care product., Bull. Environ.Contam.Toxicol., 84, 8-14.
- Saeed M., Muhammad N. and Khan H. (2011)., Assessment of heavy metal content of branded Pakistani herbal products., Trop.J.Pharm.Res., 10(4), 499-506.
- Sainio E.L., Jolanki R., Hakala E. and Kanerva L. (2000)., Metals and Arsenic in Eye shadows., Contact Dermatitis, 42(1), 5-10.
- Muhammed D.F. and Stephen P.B. (2014)., Study of heavy metals content in facial cosmetics obtained from open markets and superstores within Kaduna metropolis., Nigeria Am. J. Chem&Applvol, 1(2), 27-33.
- Alsaffar N.M. and Hussein H.J. (2014)., Determination of heavy metals in some cosmetics available in locally markets., J. Environ. Sci. Toxic & Food Techn., 8(8), 9-12.
- Atkins P., Lang H., Driscoll W. and Ernyei L. (2011)., Analysis of lipstick for toxic elements using ICP-MS",, (2011) Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, Atlanta, Georgia, March 13-18, 2011 (poster presentation).
- Health Canada (2011)., Toxic metals found in make-up cosmetics., A report released by Environmental Defiance: 23-26
- Gondal M.A., Dastageer M.A., Nagvi A.A., Isab A.A. and Maganda Y.W. (2012)., Detection of toxic metals (lead and chromium) in talcum powder using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy, , applied optics, 51, 7395-7401.