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A review of hexavalent chromium contamination in India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Applied Chemistry, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, 491002, India
  • 2Department of Applied Chemistry, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, 491002, India
  • 3Bhilai Institute of Technology, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, 493661, India

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 7, Issue (7), Pages 39-44, July,18 (2017)

Abstract

Risk from the Hexavalent Chromium has become a worldwide concern. The use of chromium compounds is the greatest chemical problem in the developing countries. The concentration of chromium in drinking water as per World Health Organization (WHO), Unites States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) should have less than 0.05 mg/L. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), 2012 gave the permissible limit of chromium(VI) for industrial discharge water as 0.1ppm. Chromium causes adverse impact on human health. Due to chromium contamination various health impacts has been reported in Tamil Nadu, Kanpur, Manaliand Balanagar. The present review study deals with the Chromium problems in groundwater, its source, occurrence and case study with special reference to Sukinda Mines, Orissa; Tanneries of Vellore, Tamil Nadu, Kanpur; and from other industrial activities . Sources of chromium are well known. In India Chromites ore mining in Sukinda Valley Orissa and the tannery Industry in Vellore Tamil Nadu and Kanpur is the Main source contributing to come India in the Blacksmith Institute’s “worst polluted countries” list. Ganga River is at high risk due to the tanneries of Kanpur. This review paper provides social awareness among the public.

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