Physicochemical Characteristics of Cassava Tuber and Cassava Meals from Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria
- 1Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
- 2Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
- 3Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 6, Issue (3), Pages 32-37, March,18 (2016)
Cassava tuber was obtained from four towns in Eleme Local Government Area and processed into four different meals that is: cassava flour, cassava fufu, cassava garri and cassava tapioca. The least value of pH (4.8) occurred in garri samples from Ebubu town while the highest value of pH (7.9) occurred in cassava tuber sample from Onne town. The least value obtained for conductivity (254 Ás/cm), occurred in cassava tuber from Onne while the highest value of conductivity (475 Ás/cm) was obtained in cassava tapioca from Ebubu. The result obtained for total organic carbon was lowest (52.80 %) in cassava tapioca from Ebubu while the highest value (66.66 %) occurred in cassava tapioca from Eteo. The least value obtained for total nitrogen content (0.07 %) occurred in cassava fufu from Eteo while the highest value for total nitrogen content (3.64 %) occurred in cassava tuber from Ebubu. The results obtained from this work showed that the pH of cassava flour from various sampling locations were the closest to neutral with a mean value of 7, while the pH of garri from various sampling locations were the most acidic with a mean value of 5.5.
- Ra hites, ja foran, do carpenter, mc hamilton (2004)., Global assessment of organic contaminants in farmed salmon. Fao (food and agricultural organization) of united nations., Annual statistics. Rome, italy.
- Eagleston G.B., Okoye M.B. and Jeon V.M. (1992)., Traditional African Methods of Cassava Processing and Utilisation and Research Needs., In Tropical Root Crops Production of Roots Crops-Based Industries. 4-6.
- Ene L.S.O. (1992)., Production and utilization of cassava in nigeria: prospects for food security and infant nutrition., Prospects for processing and utilization of root and tuber crops. In national root crops promotion of root crop-based industries. 7-11, 21.
- Azaino E. (2008)., Business opportunities in the cassava value chain in Nigeria., A paper presented at Agricultural Product Workshop Organized by Uptonville Foundation by Rivers State Sustainable Development Agency. Port Harcourt.
- Nwokoro S.O., Orheruata A.M. and Ordiah P.I. (2002)., Replacement of maize with cassava sievates in cockerel starter diets: effect on performance and carcass characteristics., Tropical animal health and production, 37 (6), 495 -501.
- Ojeniyi E.T. (2001)., Processing and economics of production of lesser known cassava food products in South-Western Nigeria., In: Akoroda, M.O. and Ngeve, J.M. (Eds). Root crops in the 21st century. Proceeding of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops: Africa Branch (ISTRC-AB) Cotonou, Benin.
- Ag Iyagba (2010)., A review on root and tuber crop production and their weed management among small scale farmers in nigeria., Aprn journal of agricultural and biological science. 5(4), 52-58.
- B Maziya-Dixon (2004)., Nigeria food consumption and nutrition survey, 2001-2003: summary., Federal ministry of health, Nigeria.
- Mak Ogunjobi and So Ogunwolu (2010)., Physicochemical and sensory properties of cassava flour biscuits supplements with cashew apple powder., Journal of Food Technology, 8(1), 24-29