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Proximate and Phytochemical Studies of Exudate of Dacryodes edulis

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  • 2Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  • 3Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 6, Issue (3), Pages 1-7, March,18 (2016)

Abstract

Proximate and Phytochemical analysis of exudates of Dacryodes edulis has been studied and proximate analytical result of exudate of Dacryodes edulis showed that the major chemical components present in exudate and the modified products were lipids and carbohydrate; while some of the mineral elements identified in purified, hydrolysed and saponified products were potassium, sodium, manganese, calcium and magnesium. Phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, saponins and resins as toxic substances. The IR spectra indicated the presence of –COOH (carboxylic), -OH (alcohol), N-H and C-N (protein) functional groups in the purified exudate, acid hydrolysis and saponification products, suggesting the presence of resin acid, fatty acids, fatty alcohols and protein in the exudate. From the results, Dacryodes edulis exudate could be useful in production of drugs for treatment of some ailments.

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