Application of 4-HADTOT-HCAC Composite for Removal of Cd(II) from Contaminated Water
- 1Shankarlal Agarawal College, Salekasa-441916, India
- 2Bhawabhuti College, Amgaon-441902, India
- 3Science College, Congress Nagar, Nagpur-440013, India
Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 6, Issue (12), Pages 1-4, December,18 (2016)
The present research article reports the practical applicability of newly obtained 4-HADTOT-HCAC Composite for removal of toxic divalent Cadmium from contaminated water. Initially 4-HADTOT tercopolymer was synthesized by acid catalyzed condensation polymerization method using 4-Hydroxy Acetophenone (4-HA), Dithio Oxamide (DTO) and Trioxane(T) as starting materials. Activated carbon derived from Hibiscus cannabinus fruit shell (HCAC) was generated using known methods. The new Composite material was obtained from 4-HADTOT and HCAC and it has been abbreviated as 4-HADTOT-HCAC. The resulting Composite was characterized by SEM and FTIR spectroscopy studies. Adsorption studies for removal of Cd(II), a toxic pollutant, were conducted in the laboratory. The optimum conditions like adsorbent doses, agitation time, initial metal ion concentration and pH on adsorption of Cd(II) by 4 -HADTOT-HCAC Composite were investigated. AAS was used to determine Cd(II) concentration. At 300K temperature and pH 6, 95% of the Cd(II) was removed from metal ion solution (25 ml, 0.1 mg dm-3). Thus 4-HADTOT-HCAC Composite has been proved to be the new promising excellent material for waste water treatment with special reference to removal of Cd(II).
- Jarup L. and Akesson A. (2009)., Current status of cadmium as an environmental health problem., Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 238(3), 201-208.
- M Sittig (1981)., Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals., Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 119–120, 185–186.
- Deng S. (2006)., Sorbent technology, Encyclopedia Chem., Process http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-ECHP-120007963, 2825-2845.
- A.K. Chakravarti ∗, S.B. Chowdhury, S. Chakrabarty, T Chakrabarty, D.C. Mukherjee (1995)., Liquid membrane Multiple emulsion process of chromium Cr(VI) separation from waste-water colloids., surf A: Physio Chem. Engg. Aspects, 103, 59-71.
- Erol P. and Altun T. (2008)., Biosorption of chromium (VI) ion from aqueous solutions using walnut, hazelnut and almond shell., Journal of Hazardous Materials, 155(2) 30 378–384.
- Cimino G., Passerini A. and Toscano G. (2000)., Removal of toxic cations and Cr(VI) from aqeuos solution by hazelnut shell., water Res, 34(11), 2955-2962.
- Gode F. and Pehlivan E. (2005)., Removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution by two lewatit-anion exchange resin., J Hazard Mater, 119, 175-182.
- Juang R.S. and Shiau R.C. (2000)., Metal removal from aqueous solution using Chitosan enhanced membrane filtration., J Membr Sci., 21(10), 1091-1097.
- Lalvani S.B., Hubner A. and Wiltowski T.C. (2000)., Chromium adsorption by lignin., Energy Sources, 22, 45-46.
- Lu A., Zhong S., Chen J., Shi J. and Tang J. (2006)., Removal of Cr (VI) and Cr (III) from aqueous solutions and industrial wastewaters by natural clino-pyrrhotite., Environ Sci. Technol, 40(9), 3064-3069.
- Loukidou M.X., Zouboulis A.I., Karapantsios T.D. and Matis K.A. (2004)., Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of chromium (VI) biosorption by Aeromonas caviae., Colloids and Surface A: Physiochemical and Engineering Aspect, 242, 93-104.
- Hunge S.S., Rahangdale P.K., Lanjewar M.R. (2014)., Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from aqueous Solution using Pretreated Bio-Sorbent., Int. Arch. App. Sci. Technol, 5(1) 06- 10.
- Deng S. (2006)., Sorbent technology., Encyclopedia Chem Process. http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-ECHP-120007963, 2825-2845.
- Saifuddin N., Nian C.Y., Zhan L.W. and Ning K.X. (2011)., Chitosan– silver nanoparticles Composite as point-of-use drinking water filtration system for household to remove pesticides in water., Asian J. Biochem.
- B Rahmanifar, SM Dehaghi (2014)., Removal of organochlorine pesticides by chitosan loaded with silver oxide nanoparticles from water., Clean Technol. Environ. Policy.
- OS Amuda, AA Giwa, IA Bello (2007)., Removal of heavy metal from industrial wastewater using modified activated coconut shell carbon., Biochemical Engineering Journal, 36(2), 174–181.