7th International Science Congress (ISC-2017).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Application of 4-HADTOT-HCAC Composite for Removal of Cd(II) from Contaminated Water

Author Affiliations

  • 1Shankarlal Agarawal College, Salekasa-441916, India
  • 2Bhawabhuti College, Amgaon-441902, India
  • 3Science College, Congress Nagar, Nagpur-440013, India

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 6, Issue (12), Pages 1-4, December,18 (2016)

Abstract

The present research article reports the practical applicability of newly obtained 4-HADTOT-HCAC Composite for removal of toxic divalent Cadmium from contaminated water. Initially 4-HADTOT tercopolymer was synthesized by acid catalyzed condensation polymerization method using 4-Hydroxy Acetophenone (4-HA), Dithio Oxamide (DTO) and Trioxane(T) as starting materials. Activated carbon derived from Hibiscus cannabinus fruit shell (HCAC) was generated using known methods. The new Composite material was obtained from 4-HADTOT and HCAC and it has been abbreviated as 4-HADTOT-HCAC. The resulting Composite was characterized by SEM and FTIR spectroscopy studies. Adsorption studies for removal of Cd(II), a toxic pollutant, were conducted in the laboratory. The optimum conditions like adsorbent doses, agitation time, initial metal ion concentration and pH on adsorption of Cd(II) by 4 -HADTOT-HCAC Composite were investigated. AAS was used to determine Cd(II) concentration. At 300K temperature and pH 6, 95% of the Cd(II) was removed from metal ion solution (25 ml, 0.1 mg dm-3). Thus 4-HADTOT-HCAC Composite has been proved to be the new promising excellent material for waste water treatment with special reference to removal of Cd(II).

References

  1. Jarup L. and Akesson A. (2009)., Current status of cadmium as an environmental health problem., Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 238(3), 201-208.
  2. M Sittig (1981)., Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals., Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 119–120, 185–186.
  3. Deng S. (2006)., Sorbent technology, Encyclopedia Chem., Process http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-ECHP-120007963, 2825-2845.
  4. A.K. Chakravarti ∗, S.B. Chowdhury, S. Chakrabarty, T Chakrabarty, D.C. Mukherjee (1995)., Liquid membrane Multiple emulsion process of chromium Cr(VI) separation from waste-water colloids., surf A: Physio Chem. Engg. Aspects, 103, 59-71.
  5. Erol P. and Altun T. (2008)., Biosorption of chromium (VI) ion from aqueous solutions using walnut, hazelnut and almond shell., Journal of Hazardous Materials, 155(2) 30 378–384.
  6. Cimino G., Passerini A. and Toscano G. (2000)., Removal of toxic cations and Cr(VI) from aqeuos solution by hazelnut shell., water Res, 34(11), 2955-2962.
  7. Gode F. and Pehlivan E. (2005)., Removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution by two lewatit-anion exchange resin., J Hazard Mater, 119, 175-182.
  8. Juang R.S. and Shiau R.C. (2000)., Metal removal from aqueous solution using Chitosan enhanced membrane filtration., J Membr Sci., 21(10), 1091-1097.
  9. Lalvani S.B., Hubner A. and Wiltowski T.C. (2000)., Chromium adsorption by lignin., Energy Sources, 22, 45-46.
  10. Lu A., Zhong S., Chen J., Shi J. and Tang J. (2006)., Removal of Cr (VI) and Cr (III) from aqueous solutions and industrial wastewaters by natural clino-pyrrhotite., Environ Sci. Technol, 40(9), 3064-3069.
  11. Loukidou M.X., Zouboulis A.I., Karapantsios T.D. and Matis K.A. (2004)., Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of chromium (VI) biosorption by Aeromonas caviae., Colloids and Surface A: Physiochemical and Engineering Aspect, 242, 93-104.
  12. Hunge S.S., Rahangdale P.K., Lanjewar M.R. (2014)., Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from aqueous Solution using Pretreated Bio-Sorbent., Int. Arch. App. Sci. Technol, 5(1) 06- 10.
  13. Deng S. (2006)., Sorbent technology., Encyclopedia Chem Process. http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-ECHP-120007963, 2825-2845.
  14. Saifuddin N., Nian C.Y., Zhan L.W. and Ning K.X. (2011)., Chitosan– silver nanoparticles Composite as point-of-use drinking water filtration system for household to remove pesticides in water., Asian J. Biochem.
  15. B Rahmanifar, SM Dehaghi (2014)., Removal of organochlorine pesticides by chitosan loaded with silver oxide nanoparticles from water., Clean Technol. Environ. Policy.
  16. OS Amuda, AA Giwa, IA Bello (2007)., Removal of heavy metal from industrial wastewater using modified activated coconut shell carbon., Biochemical Engineering Journal, 36(2), 174–181.