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Phytochemical Screening and Nutritional potentials of some High oil Yielding Exotic collections of Brassica juncea.

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, G.B.Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, U.S. Nagar 263145, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Biochemistry, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, G.B.Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, U.S. Nagar 263145, INDIA
  • 3 Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, G.B.Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, U.S. Nagar 263145, INDIA
  • 4 Department of Chemistry, G.B.Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, U.S. Nagar 263145, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 5, Issue (9), Pages 66-71, September,18 (2015)

Abstract

Indian mustard is a nutritionally rich oilseed crop. Present study aims to evaluate phytochemical and nutritional potentials in selected cultivars with the purpose of providing their benefits for balanced human diet consumption. 20 genotypes of Brassica juncea were screened for their % oil content which ranged from 36.94±2.63% to 53.33±4.67% and their phytoochemical constituents that are vitamin-C, phytic acid, fibre content and tocopherol. Significant variations among these phytochemicals were observed. Vitamin C content ranged from 46.70±1.68 mg/100g to 341.10±1.01 mg/100g. Phytic acid and crude fibre percentage were found to be maximum upto 3.86±0.01% and 15.10±0.01%, whereas minimum levels were observed 2.92±0.07 % and 7.53±0.06% respectively. Maximum tocopherol content in the defatted meal of Brassica genotypes was observed to be 91.27±1.12 mg/100g and lowest 6.43±0.45 mg/100g. Present study might be helpful for selecting Brassica juncea germplasm having desirable characteristic with enhanced nutritive and health promoting qualities.

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