6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Green Fuel: The Next Generation Eco- Friendly Algal Bio- Fuel

Author Affiliations

  • 1Applied Chemistry Department, UIT, BU, Bhopal- 462026, INDIA
  • 2 Mechanical Engineering Department, UIT, BU, Bhopal- 462026, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 5, Issue (10), Pages 28-32, October,18 (2015)


The main objective of sustainable feedstock (algal biofuels) as fuels is due to the adverse environmental effects of fossil fits combustion and their limited availability. Microalgal biomass containing high oil content is of great importance for the production of biodiesel. Another challenge in this field is Oil extraction which is easily addressed from the engineering techniques. There are three important steps for the extraction of oil from algae: firstextraction, and third supercritical CO2 fluid extraction. After extraction, due to chemical similarity of crude algae oil with crude fossil fuel oil, the engineering challenges associated with algae oil conversion to usable liquid fuels are also similar. From the micro-algae tested in present work, Neochloris Oleas raw materials for bio fuels production,


  1. www.learner.org, (2015)
  2. Azapagic A., Sustainability Considerations for Integrated Bio refineries. Tre. In Biotech., 32(1), (2014)
  3. Carvalho A.P., Meireles L.A. and Malcata F.X., Microalgal reactors: a review of enclosed system designs and performances. Biotech. Progr., 22, 1490-1506 (2006)
  4. Chisti Y., Shear sensitivity, In: Flickinger MC, Drew SW, editors. Encyclopedia of bioprocess technology: fermentation, biocatalysis and bio separation, 5, 2379-406 (1999)
  5. Sanchez Miron A., Ceron Garcia M.C., Contreras Gomez A., Garcia Camacho F., Molina Grima E. and Chisti, Y., Shear stress tolerance and biochemical characterization of Phaeodactylum tricornutum in quasi steady-state continuous culture in outdoor photo bioreactors. Bioch. Eng. J.16, 287-97 (2003)
  6. Spolaore P., Joannis-Cassan C., Duran E. and Isambert, A. Commercial applications of microalgae. J. of Biosci. and Bioengi.101(2), 87-96 (2006)
  7. Terry K.L. and Raymond L.P., System designs for the autotrophic production of microalgae, Enz. and Microbi. Techno,7(10), 474-487 (1985)
  8. Tredici M.R., Bioreactors, photo. In: Flickinger, M. C., Drew, S. W., editors. Encyclopedia of bioprocess Technology: fermentation, biocatalysis and bioseperation Wiley, 395-419 (1999)
  9. www.oilgae.com, (2015)
  10. Chisti Y., Biodiesel from Microalgae. Biotech. Advan,25, 294-306 (2007)
  11. Chisti Y., Biodiesel from microalgae beats bio ethanol. Tre. In Biotech, 26:126-131.doi:10.1016/j.tibtech. 2007.12.002.(2008)
  12. FAO. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin-128 (chapter I- Biological Energy Production) [online]. Available: http://www.fao.org/docrep/w7241e/w7241e05.htm (1997)
  13. Garcia Camacho F., Molina Grima E., Sanchez Miron A., Gonzalez Pascual V. and Chisti Y., Carboxymethyl cellulose protects algal cells against hydrodynamic stress. Enz. Mic. Technol.29, 602-610 (2001)
  14. Garcia Camacho F., Gallardo Rodriguuez J., Sanchez Miron A., Ceron Gracia M.C., Belarbi E.H. and Chisti Y., et al. Biotechnological significance of toxic marine dinoflagellates. Biotech. Adv.25, 176-94 (2007)
  15. Grobbelaar J.U., Algal nutrition. In: Richmond A, editor. Handbook of microalgal culture: biotechnology and applied phycology. Blackwell, 97-115 (2004)
  16. Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, 4th Edition, World Health Organisation (WHO) 2011. ISBN 9789241548151 17.Molina Grima E., Acien Fernandez F.G., Garcia Camacho F. and Chisti Y., Photo bioreactors: light regime, mass transfer and scale up. J. Biotechnol. 70, 231-47 (1999)
  17. Molina Grima E., Acien Fernandez F.G., Garcia Camacho F. and Chisti Y., Photo bioreactors: light regime, mass transfer and scale up. J. Biotechnol. 70, 231-47 (1999)
  18. Oligae, Oligae Report Academic Edition. Obtained through the Internet: http://www.oligae.com/, [accessed 10/04/2014] (2010)
  19. Paine R. and Vadas R., Calorific values of benthic marine algae and their postulated relation to invertebrate food reference. Mari. Biol., 79-86 (1969)
  20. Pulz O., Photo bioreactors: production systems for phototrophic microorganisms. App. Microbio. and Biotech.57, 287-293 (2001)
  21. Mazzuca Sobczuk T., Garcia Camacho F., Molina Grima E. and Chisti Y., Effects of agitation on the microalgae phaeodactylum tricornutum and porphyridium cruentum. Biopro. Biosys. Eng.28, 243-50 (2006)
  22. Mcardle W., Katch F. and Katch V., Exercise physiology th Edition- Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance, Lippinott Williams and Wilkins, (2006)
  23. Moheimani N.R., Microalgae Culture for Bio fuel Production. Asia Pacific Partnership [Online]. Available: http://www.asiaspecificpartnership.org/pdf/PGTTF/ngf/Wednesday/microalgae%20culture%20project .ppt [Accessed 04/04/2014] (2008)
  24. Molina Grima E., Microalgae, mass culture methods. In: Flickinger, M.C., Drew, S.W., editors. Encyclopaedia of bioprocess technology: fermentation, biocatalysis and bio separation, 1743-69 (1999)
  25. Humphrey A.S., History of the SWOT analysis. Obtained through the Internet: http://rapidbi.wordpress.com/2008 /12/29/history-of-the-swot-analysis/, [accessed 12/4/2014] (2004)