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Application of Microwave in Textile Printing of Cellulosic Fabrics

Author Affiliations

  • 1National Research Centre, Textile Research Division, Dyeing, Printing and Textile Auxiliaries Dept., El-Behouth Str., Dokki, Cairo, EGYPT

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (9), Pages 41-46, September,18 (2014)

Abstract

Two different commercial reactive dyes; namely Cibacrox Brown P6R and Livafix Brilliant Red P-B were used in printing of cotton fabrics via screen printing technique. The printed fabrics were subjected to microwave irradiation for different periods of time at a power ranging between400– 800 W. Another series of samples were subjected to microwave irradiation at different temperatures 50 – 150oC. The colour strength of the microwave-assisted printed fabrics was compared with that of cotton fabric printed with the same paste, dried and subjected to fixation according to the conventional technique (steaming at 102oC for 15min or thermo fixation for 5 min at 150oC). The obtained results clarified that, the colour strength of the printed fabrics increases as a function of the same microwave power and the exposure time. It was also found that the most effective factor in fixation of the colour from the microwave-assisted printed fabric is the heat energy. Generally speaking, microwave-assisted printed samples acquired K/S similar or higher than that obtained by the conventional thermo fixation technique.

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