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Chemical characterization of Lophira lanceolata and Carapa procera seed oils: Analysis of Fatty Acids, Sterols, Tocopherols and Tocotrienols

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en chimie Appliquée (LERCA), Unité de Recherche sur les Interactions Moléculaires (URIM), EPAC/UAC,01 BP 2009 Cotonou; République du Bénin, BENIN
  • 2Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche sur le MAteriau Bois (LERMAB), Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université de Lorraine, Bld des Aiguillettes, F-54500 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, FRANCE
  • 3Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des BIOmolécules (LiBIO), Université de Lorraine, 2 avenue de la Forêt de Haye, TSA 40602, F-54518 VandoeuvreLès-Nancy,FRANCE

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (9), Pages 57-62, September,18 (2014)

Abstract

The chemical profiles of two non conventional seed oils from Carapa procera (Cp) and Lophira lanceolata (Ll) have been characterized. Both oils contain 31% of saturated fatty acids, mainly palmitic acid. Cp oil is highly monounsaturated (58.08%) whereas Ll oil has a high content in polyunsaturated fatty acids (52.46%). Ll oil is rich in tocopherols (3.61 mg/100g) while the Cp oil exhibits higher tocotrienol contents (5.63 mg/100g). A higher total sterol content was found for Ll (100,13 0,04 mg/g) than for Cp (29,43 0,01 mg/100g). A high content of lanosterol was observed for Cp (28.03 % w/w). Both studied vegetable oils showed very different chemical profiles. Ll oil exhibited interesting potential nutritional value. The high contents in polyunsaturated essentials fatty acids, tocopherols and phystosterols, could properly respond to nutritional deficiencies. However, Cp oil may serve as cosmetic additive given to its content in tocotrienol and lanosterol.

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