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Evaluation of Phytochemical constituents, Proximate and Fluorescence analysis of ethanolic extract and its fractions of Clerodendrumphilippinum Schauer found in Wayanad region of Kerala, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Wayanad, Kerala, INDIA
  • 2Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Wayanad, Kerala, INDIA Department of Botany, University of Calicut, Kerala, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (9), Pages 1-6, September,18 (2014)


Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer, a member of the family Verbenaceae, is a semi-woody shrub widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics of India. The present study was conducted forphytochemical evaluation, proximate analysis and fluorescent characteristicsof leaves of C. philippinumcollected from Western Ghats of Wayanad. The ethanolic extract and its different fractions subjected to preliminary phytochemical analysis by standard procedures. The extract revealed alkaloids, saponins, glycosides, steroids, phenolic compounds, tannins, flavonoids,fixed oils and fats.The proximateanalysis of the plant leaves revealed dry matter (94.54%), moisture (5.47%), carbohydrates(56.86%), crude fibre (11.36%), ash (8.80%), crude protein (26.25%) and crude fat (2.62%).Fluorescence analysis showed difference in characteristic colour when examined with specificchemical reagents in powdered plant leaves, crude extract and fractions of C. philippinum under visible light and UV light.


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