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Assessment of Nutrients and Stability Parameters during Composting of Water Hyacinth mixed with Cattle Manure and Sawdust

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG), Guwahati-781039 Assam, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 3, Issue (4), Pages 70-77, April,18 (2013)

Abstract

Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) can cause a variety of problems due to its fast spread and congested growth. Nutrient recycling through the composting of water hyacinth can reduce application of chemical fertilizers to the agricultural field and problems related to its fast growth rate. The nutrients and stability parameters were evaluated during agitated pile composting of water hyacinth mixed with cattle manure and sawdust for 30 days composting period. Five different proportions of cattle manure, water hyacinth and sawdust were prepared for the composting process. Stability of compost was evaluated using respiration techniques (CO evolution and oxygen uptake rate). Results show that nutrients (Na, K, Ca, Mg, total nitrogen, phosphorus) were increased significantly during the composting process. Stability parameters (COevolution rate and oxygen uptake rate, biochemical chemical oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand) were reduced during the process. The optimum proportion of cattle manure enhanced organic matter degradation and humification during the composting process.

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