9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

A Comparative Study of Modified Lignite Fly Ash for the Adsorption of Nickel from Aqueous Solution by Column and Batch Mode Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Karpagam University, Coimbatore-641021, INDIA
  • 2Department of Chemistry, P.S.G. College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 3, Issue (2), Pages 44-53, February,18 (2013)

Abstract

The removal of Ni2+ from an aqueous solution using fly ash was modified by alkali (FAN), alkali and dye modified fly ash (FAN-MO) were compared. The influence of the four parameters (solution pH, contact time, initial metal ion concentration and dose of the adsorbent) on the removal of Ni2+ at 27 5C was studied by batch mode and column study. The adsorption of Ni2+ was higher at pH 3 for FAN (95.45%) in batch mode study and 57.4% in column study. For FAN-MO at pH 5, the adsorption was 89.2% in batch mode study and 74.69% in column study. The maximum adsorption of Ni2+ onto FAN and FAN-MO was achieved at 50 minutes. The linear forms of Langmuir, Freundlich, Tempkin, D-R, Harkin-Jura and Frenkel Halsey isotherms were utilised for experiments with varying metal concentrations. The adsorption of Ni2+ ions satisfies only Langmuir isotherm model. Influence of Cu2+ions and Zn2+ ions on adsorption of Ni2+ ions on FAN and FAN-MO in binary and tertiary systems showed certain decrease of adsorption ability.

References

  1. Guerrero A., Goni S., Macias A. and Luxn M.P., Hydraulic activity and microstructral characterization of new fly ash-belite cement synthesized at different temperatures, J. Mater. Res., 14(6), 2680 (1999)
  2. Iyer R.S. J. A. Scott/ Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 31, 217-228 (2001)
  3. Luxan M.P., Scnchez de Rohas M.I. and Frias M., Investigations on the fly ash-calcium hydroxide reactions, Cement and concrete Res., 19, 69 (1989)
  4. Arjun P., Silsbee M.R. and Roy D.M., Chemical activation of low calcium fly ash: part: identification of the most appropriate activators and their dosage, Proceedings of the Intl. Ash Utilization Symposium, Kentucky, (2001)
  5. Bakharev T., Sanjayan J.G. and Cheng Y.B., Effect of elevated temperature curing on properties of alkali-activated slag concrete, Cement and Concrete Res., 29, 1629 (1994)
  6. Ma W., Liu C., Brown P.W. and Komameni S., Pore structure of fly ashes activated by Ca(OH)2 and CaSO4 .H2O, Cement amd concrete Res., 19, 69 (1995)
  7. Pietersen H.S., Fraay L.A. and Bijen J.M., Reactivity of fly ash at high pH, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 178, 139 (1990)
  8. Fernndez-Jimnez A., Puertas F. and Palomo J.G., Alkali-activated slag mortars: Mechanical strength behaviour, Cement and concrete Res., 29, 1313 (1999)
  9. Shi C. and Day R.L., Pozzolanic reaction in the presence of chemical activators: I. Reaction kinetics, Cement and Concrete Res., 30, 1625 (2000)
  10. Visa M., Isaac L. And Duta A., Fly ash-activated carbon powder for dyes and heavy metals removal, Adv. Mater. Res., 79(82) 243-243 (2009)
  11. Visa M., Luminit A.A. and Duta A., Advanced treatment of waste water with methyl orange and heavy metals on TiO2, fly ash and their mixtures, J. Catal. Today, (2008)
  12. http:\\www.enia.org/index.cfm/ci_id/3741.htm, accessed on February 2, (2008)
  13. Kinhikar V.R., Removal of Nickel (II) from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption with Granular Activated Carbon (GAC), Res.J.chem.sci., 2(6), 6-11 (2012)
  14. Axtell N.R., Sternberg S.P.K. and Claussen K., Lead and Ni(II) removal using Microspore and Lemna minor, Bioresour Technol., 89, 41- 48 (2003)
  15. MINAS pollution control acts, rules, notification issued there under Central Pollution Control Board, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi, September (2001)
  16. Deshpande S.M. and Aher K.R., Evaluation of Groundwater Quality and its Suitability for Drinking and Agriculture use in Parts of Vaijapur, District Aurangabad, MS, India, Res.J.chem.sci., 2(1), 25-31 (2012)
  17. Vaishnav M.M. and Dewangan S., Assessment of Water Quality Status in Reference to Statistical Parameters in Different Aquifers of Balco Industrial Area, Korba, C.G. INDIA, Res.J.chem.sci., 1(9), 67-72 (2011)
  18. Sharma Shraddha, Vishwakarma Rakesh, Dixit Savita and Jain Praveen, Evaluation of Water Quality of Narmada river with reference to Physco- chemical Parameters at Hoshangabad city, M.P., India, Res.J.chem.sci., 1(3), 40-48 (2011)
  19. Aziz H.A., Adlan M.N., Ariffin K.S., Heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cu and Cr(III) removal from water in Malaysia: post treatment by high quality limenstone, Bioresour. Technol., 99, 1578–1583 (2008)
  20. Enemose Edith A. and Osakwe S.A., Studies on the effect of pH on the sorption of Al3+ and Cr6+ Ions from aqueous solutions by Almond Tree (Terminalia catappa L.) Biomass, Res.J.chem.sci., 2(4), 13-17 (2012)
  21. Suantak Kamsonlian, Chandrajit Balomajumder and Shri Chand, Removal of As (III) from Aqueous Solution by Biosorption onto Maize (Zea mays) Leaves Surface: Parameters Optimization Sorption Isotherm, Kinetic and Thermodynamics Studies, Res.J.chem.sci., 1(5), 73-79(2011)
  22. Cho H., Oh D. and Kim K., A study on removal characteristics of heavy metals from aqueous solution by fly ash, J. Hazard Mater., 127, 187–195 (2005)
  23. Langmuir I., The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 38, 2221-2295 (1916)
  24. Freundlich H., ber die, Adsorption in lsungen (adsorption in solution), Z. Phys.Chem., 57, 384-470 (1906)
  25. Tempkin M.I. and Pyzhev V., Kinetics of ammonia synthesis on promoted iron catalyst, Acta Phys.Chim. USSR, 12, 327-356 (1940)
  26. Dubinin M.M., The potential theory of adsorption of gases and vapors for adsorbents with energetically non-uniform surface, chem.Rev., 60, 235-266 (1960)
  27. Dubinin M.M., Modern state of the theory of volume filling of micropore adsorbents during adsorption of gases and steams on carbon adsorbents, Zh. Fiz. Khim, 39, 1305-1317 (1965)
  28. Radushkevich L.V., Potential theory of sorption and structure of carbons, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 23, 1410-1420 (1949)
  29. Kundu S., Gupta A.K., Investigation on the adsorption efficiency of iron oxide coated cement (IOCC) towards As (V)-kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies, Colloid Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 273, 121-128 (2006)
  30. Basker C.A., Applicability of the various adsorption models of three dyes adsorption onto activated carbon prepared waste apricot, J. Hazard. Mater., 135B, 232-241 (2006)
  31. Halsey, J .Chem. Phys. 16, 931, (1948)
  32. Hsieh Y.M., Tsai M.S., Yen F. S., Pore size and adsorption capacity of unburned carbon affected by gasification with carbon dioxide, J. Environ. Sci. Health A,Toxic Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng. 39, 2143-2155, (2000)
  33. Nogami M. and Tomozawa M., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 67, 151 (1984)
  34. Bayat B., Combined removal of zinc(II) and cadmium(II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto high-calcium Turkish fly ash, Water Air Soil Pollut., 136, 69–92 (2002)
  35. Bayat B., Comparative study of adsorption properties of Turkish fly ashes.I. The case of nickel (II), copper (II) and zinc(II), J. Hazard. Mater., 3897, 1–2 (2002)
  36. Pehlivan E. and Arslan G., Removal of metal ions using lignite in aqueous solution low cost biosorbent, Fuel Processing Technology, 88, 99–106 (2007)
  37. Qi Y., Hoadley A.F.A, Chaffee A.E., Garnier G., Characterization of lignite as an industrial adsorbent, Fuel, 90, 1567–1574 (2011)
  38. Lafferty C., Hobday M., The use of low rank brown coal as an ion exchange material:1. Basic parameters and the ion exchange mehanism, Fuel, 69, 78–83 (1990)
  39. Santhi T., Manonmani S. and Smitha T., Removal of malachite green from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from the epicarp of Ricinus communis by adsorption, J. Hazard. Mater., 179 , 178–186 (2010)
  40. Panday K.K., Prasad G., Singh V.N., Copper (II) removal from aqueous solutions by fly ash, Water Res., 19, 869–873 (1985)
  41. Bayat B., Comparative study of adsorption properties of Turkish fly ashes. II. The case of Chromium (VI) and cadmium(II), J. Hazard. Mater., 3898, 1–16, (2002)
  42. GuptaV.K., Jain C.K., I. Ali, Sharma M., Saini V.K., Removal of cadmium and nickel from wastewater using bagasse fly ash—a sugar industry waste, Water Res., 37, 4038–4044 (2003)
  43. Gupta V.K., Mohan D., Sharma S., Park K.T., Removal of chromium (VI) from electroplating industry wastewater using bagasse fly ash—a sugar industry waste material, Environmentalist, 19, 129–136 (1999)
  44. Rao. M , Parwate. A.V, Bhole. A.G , Removal of Cr (VI) and Ni(II) from aqueous solution using bagasse and fly ash, Waste Manage. 22, 821–830, (2002)
  45. HAˆqutV,RicouP,LcuyrI,LCloircP,Rmovalof Cu(II) and Zn(II) in aqueous solutions by sorption onto mixed fly ash, Fuel, 80, 851–856, (2001)
  46. Gupta V.K., Ali, I., Removal of lead and chromium from wastewater using bagasse fly ash - a sugar industry waste, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 271, 321–328, (2004)
  47. Bailey S.E., Olin T.J. Mark Bricka R., Dean Adrian D., A review of potentially low-cost sorbents for heavy metals, Water Res., 33(11), 2469–2479 (1999)
  48. Helfferich F., Ion exchange, New Yark, Mc Grow Hill, 166, (1962)
  49. Rifaqat Ali Khan RaO, Moonis Ali Khan and Fouzia Rehman, Batch and column Studies for the Removal of Lead (II) Ions from Aqueous Solution onto Lignite, Adsorption Science & Technology, 291, (2011)
  50. Gelencser A., Kiss G., Krivacsy Z., Varga-Puchony Z., J. Chromatogr. A, 693, 217 (1995)