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Callophyllum Inophyllum Linn (“honne”) Oil, A source for Biodiesel Production

Author Affiliations

  • 1Bhagwant University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, INDIA
  • 2Rajashri Chhatrapati Shau College, Kolhapur, Dist- Kolhapur, MS, INDIA
  • 3Shardabai Pawar Mahila College, Shardanagar, Dist – Pune, MS, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 3, Issue (11), Pages 24-31, November,18 (2013)

Abstract

An increasing demand of fossil fuels has being a critical problem for us. The natural resources of fossill fuel are dwindling day by day. Biodiesel that may called natural fuel may be a good source or substitute for fossil fuel in future. Biodiesel can be produced from non edible oil like Jatropha curcus, pongamia pinnata, Madhuca indica, Gossypium arboreum, Simarouba glauca etc. and more. There is a best source as a raw material that is Calophyllum inophyllum (honne) oil for biodiesel production. As it is an evergreen tree and grows along the coastal area. Our study is focused on the collection of seeds and oil extraction then proceed for biodiesel production with molar ratio 8:1, KOH were 1.2wt%, tempreture 65c, reaction time 90minutes were used and testing of parameters as per ASTM 6751 standards. The physical properties like acid value, density, Calorific value, Flash point, Fire point and Moisture, Viscosity shows of calophyllum methyl esters were0.702,892gm/cc, 37.18MJ/Kg, 176°c, 182°c and 0.01% . The physico-chemical parameters showed that Calophyllum may works as a sustainable feedstock for biodiesel production that is equivalent to fissile fuel as per ASTM 6751.

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