9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Adsorption of Acetic acid onto Activated Carbons obtained from Maize cobs by Chemical Activation with Zinc chloride (ZnCl2)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Douala, P.O Box 24157, Douala, CAMEROON
  • 2Higher Teachers’ Training College, University of Maroua, P.O Box 46, Maroua, CAMEROON
  • 3 Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Yaoundé I, P.O Box 812, Yaoundé, CAMEROON

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 2, Issue (9), Pages 42-49, September,18 (2012)

Abstract

The batch isotherm studies of the adsorption of acetic acid on five samples of activated carbon prepared from maize cobs was carried out. The initial concentration of acetic acid was varied between 0.007 and 0.3948 mol/L. The comparison of the adsorption capacities of these samples with that of a commercial activated carbon of animal origin were performed to evaluate the effect of process parameters. From the experimental data, the isotherm parameters of Freundlich, Langmuir, Temkin and Dubinin-Raduschkevitch were calculated for all the samples and compared. For all the samples, these data fitted well the four isotherm models in the range of the concentrations tested. There exists a correlation between the physico-chemical properties of the activated carbons and the sorption processes.

References

  1. Thibault-Starzyk F., Les Matériaux Micro et Mésoporeux-Caractérisation, EDP Sciences, 303 (2004)
  2. Ekpete O.A and Horsfall M. JNR, Preparation and characterization of Activated Carbon derived from Fluted Pumpkin Stem waste (Telfairia occidentalis Hook F), Res.J.Chem.Sci, ), 10-17 (2011)
  3. Nwabane J.T. and Igbokwe P.K., Preparation of activated carbon from Nipa palm nut: Influence of the preparation conditions, Res.J.Chem.Sci, ), 53-58 (2011)
  4. Shabudeen P.S.S., Study of the removal of malachite green from aqueous solution by using solid agricultural waste, Res.J.Chem.Sci, ), 804-17 (2011)
  5. Meunier F. and Liang-Ming Sun, Adsorption-Aspects théoriques, Techniques de l’Ingénieur, 2730), (2003)
  6. Das Kumar M. and Attar J.S., Comparative study of batch adsorption fluoride using commercial and natural adsorbent, Res.J.Chem.Sci, ), 68-75 (2011)
  7. Muthusamy P., Murunga S. and Manothi S., Removal of Nickel ion from industrial waste water using maize cobs, ISCA.J.Biological.Sci, ), 7-11 (2012)
  8. Theivarasu C., Mylsamy S. and Sivakumar N., Adsorptive removal of crystal violet dye using agricultural waste cocoa theobroma cocoa) shell, Res.J.Chem.Sci, ), 38-45 (2011)
  9. Van der Hoek J.P., Hofman J., Graveland A., The use of biological activated carbon filtration for the removal of natural organic matter and organic micropollutants from water, Water Sci. and Technol., 40), 257-264 (1999)
  10. Sircar S., Golden T. C. and Rao B.,Activated carbon for gas separation and storage, carbon, 34 (), 1-12 (1996)
  11. Wrench J., Origin, J. of the american Oil Chemists’Society, 12), 441-453 (2007)
  12. Vaishnav V., Daga K., Chandra S. and Lal M., Adsorption studies of Zinc (II) ions using calotropis procera as an adsorbent, Res.J.Recent.Sci., ISC-2011) , 160-165 (2012)
  13. Kushwah S.K., Malik S. and Singh A., Water quality assessment of raw sewage and final treated water with special reference to waste water treatment plant Bhopal, MP, India, Res.J.Recent.Sci., 1ISC-2011), 185-190, (2012)
  14. Bhise R.M., Patil A.A., Raskar A.R., Patil P.J. and Deshpande D.P., Removal of color of spent wash by activated charcoal adsorption and electrocoagulation, Res.J.Recent.Sci 1), 66-69 (2012)
  15. Robens E., Powder Bulk, Tiz.Int.Mag., 115, 304 (1991)
  16. Al-Sultani K.F. and Al-Seroury, Characterization the removal of phenol from aqueous solution in fluidized column by rice husk adsorbent, Res.J.Recent.Sci., 1, 145-151 (2012)
  17. Avom J., Ketcha Mbadcam J., Noubactep C. and Germain P., Adsorption of methylene blue from an aqueous solution on to activated carbon from palm-tree cobs, Carbon, 35), 365 (1997)
  18. Linge H.G., The surface area of coal particles, Fuel, 68), 111 (1989)
  19. Mayeko K.K., Muanda M.W., Vesituluta N., Eyul’anki M., Panzu N. and Badibanga K., Adsorption de Bleu de Methylène en solution aqueuse sur charbon actif obtenu à partir des sciures végétales-Préparation et Caractérisation du charbon, Rev.Cong.Sci.Nuc, 20, 215-224 (2002)
  20. Giles C.H., Mac Ewan T.H., Nakhwa S. and Smith D., Studies in Adsorption, Part XI, A System of Classication of Solution Adsorption Isotherms, and its Use in Diagnosis of Adsorption Mechanisms and in Measurement of Specific Surface Areas of Solids, J.Chem.Soc., 3973-3993 (1960)
  21. Avom J., Ketcha M.J., Matip M.R.L., Germain P., Adsorption isotherme de l’acide acétique par les charbons actifs d’origine végétale, African J. Sci. Tehnol., ), 1-7 (2001)
  22. Carvalho M.F., Duque A.F., Gonçalves I.C. and Castro P.L.M. Adsorption of fluorobenzene onto granular activated carbon: Isotherm and bioavailability studies, Bioresour. Technol., 98, 3424-3430 (2007)
  23. Annadurai G., Babu Rajesh S., Mahesh K.P.O. and Murugesan T., Adsorption and bio-degradation of phenol by chitosan-immobilized Pseudomonas putida (NICM 2174), Bioprocess Eng., 22, 493-501 (2002)
  24. zacar M. and Ayhan .I. Adsorption of metal complex dyes from aqueous solutions by pine sawdust, Bioresour. Technol., 96, 791-795 (2005)
  25. Temkin M.I. and Pyzlev V., Kinetic of the synthesis of ammonia on promoted iron catalysts, Acta. Physiochemica, 327-356 (1940)
  26. Mane V.S., Deo Mall I. and Srivastava V.C. Kinetic and equilibrium isotherm studies for the adsorptive removal of Brilliant Green dye from aqueous solution by rice husk ash, J. Env. Manag., 84), 390-400 (2007)
  27. Rouquard F., Rouquard J. and Sing K., Adsorption by powders and porous solids. Principles, methodology and application, Academic Press, London, 79-83 (1999)