6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2021) and workshop on Intellectual Property Rights on 8th and 9th May 2021.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effects of ionic strength on the reaction rate between aromatic aldehydes and tertiary butyl hypochlorite

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Chemistry, School of Vocational studies and Applied Sciences, Gautam Buddha University, G. Noida, UP, India

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 10, Issue (3), Pages 30-34, October,18 (2020)

Abstract

The effect of adding different concentrations of sodium perchlorate on the rate of reaction between aromatic aldehydes viz. p-methoxybenzaldehyde, p-methylbenzaldehyde, benzaldehyde, p-chlorobenzaldehyde and, p-nitrobenzaldehyde and t-BuOCl was studied at 350C. The results show that the ionic strength has no significant effet on the reaction rate. This indicates that the nature of reactions are not ionic and reactions take place between molecules.

References

  1. Holger B. Friedrich, (1999)., The Oxidation of Alcohols to Aldehydes or Ketones., Platinum Metals Rev. 43(3), 94-102.
  2. Kenneth Barbalace, (2019)., Chemical Database - Tert-Butyl Hypochlorite. Environmental Chemistry. com https://EnvironmentalChemistry.com/yogi/chemicals/cn/Tert-Butyl%A0Hypochlorite.html, undefined
  3. R.G. Makitra, G.G. Midyana and E.Ya. Palchikova (2007)., Effect of the Medium on the Reaction of tert-butyl hypochlorite with hydrocarbons., Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 77(6), 1044-1048.
  4. Cristina Pastoriza, Antelo Juan and Juan Crugeiras (2013)., Oxidation of Bromide with Tert Butyl Hypochlorite., International Journal of Chemical Kinetics, 45(10), 629-637.
  5. Hammet, L.P. (1937)., The Effect of Structure upon the reactions of Organic Compounds. Benzene Derivatives., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 59, 96-103.
  6. Taft, R.W., (1966)., Separation of Polar, Steric and Resonance Effects in Reactivity. In: Steric Effects in Organic Chemistry (Ed. M.S. Newman)., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 556-575.
  7. Shorter J. (1972)., The Separation of Polar, Steric, and Resonance Effects by the Use of Linear Free Energy Relationships., In: Chapman N.B., Shorter J. (eds) Advances in Linear Free Energy Relationships. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-8660-9_2
  8. Leffer, J.E., and Grunwald, E. (1963)., Rates and Equilibria of Organic Reactions., John Wiley and Sons, New York, p.171, ISBN-10: 0471523534, ISBN-13: 978-0471523536.
  9. B. Stevens, (1961)., Chemical Kinetics., Chapman and Hall Ltd., London, p.59, ISBN- 0412207400.
  10. G. N. Lewis and M. Randall. (1921)., The Activity Coefficient of Strong Electrolytes., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 43, 1112-1154. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01438a014
  11. A. Findley (1943)., Introduction to Physical Chemistry., Longman Green & Co. p.355, ISBN 0 582 44222 2
  12. Climate Policy Watcher, (2019)., Ionic Strength Vs Rate Constant., ttps://www.climate-policy-watcher.org/aromatic -hydrocarbons/x-1.html
  13. J. N. Bronsted, (1922)., Z. Physik Chem., 102, 169-207.
  14. Maria Marchena and Francisco Sanchez (2006)., The Bronsted Equation: The Universal Equation?., Progress in Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism 31, 221-248, doi: 10.3184/146867806X213396
  15. F.D. Chattaway and O.G. Backeberg, (1923)., CCCVI. Alkyl hypochlorites., J. Chem. Soc. Transactions, 123, 2999-3003. https://doi.org/10.1039/CT9232302999
  16. H.M. Teeter and E.W. Bell (1952)., Tert-butyl hypochlorite., Org. Synthesis, 32, 20-22, DOI: 10.15227. http://www.orgsyn.org/Result.aspx
  17. C. Walling and B.B. Jacknow. (1960)., Positive Halogen Compounds. I. The Radical Chain Halogenation of Hydrocarbons by t-Butyl Hypochlorite., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 82, 6108-6112 https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/ja01508a 033
  18. W.C. Bray and H.F. Miller (1924)., The Standardization of Thiosulfate Solution by the Permanganate-Iodide and Dichromate-Iodide Methods., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 46, 2204-2211. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/ja01675a010