9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Removal of As (III) from Aqueous Solution by Biosorption onto Maize (Zea mays) Leaves Surface: Parameters Optimization Sorption Isotherm, Kinetic and Thermodynamics Studies

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (5), Pages 73-79, August,18 (2011)


Biosorption has been used for the removal of As (III) ion from aqueous solution using powdered maize leaves biomass in this study. Batch experiments were conducted by varying various process parameters such as pH, contact time and temperature. At optimum treatment conditions (pH 8, contact time of 4 hrs and temperature of 40oC) 84.9% As (III) ion was removed from aqueous solution. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used for equilibrium studies. Freundlich isotherm was better fitted with experimental data. For kinetic studies, pseudo second order kinetic model (R =0.997) appeared to be more suitable model to describe As (III) ion biosorption. The positive value of S and H depicts the feasibility of the biosorption and the spontaneous nature was confirmed by negative value of . Fourier Transformation infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) were used for characterisations of maize leaves biomass.


  1. Amin N., Kaneco S., Kitagawa T., Begum A., Kastumata H., Suzuki T. and Ohta K., Removal of arsenic in aqueous solutions by adsorption onto waste rice husk, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,45, 8105-8110 (2006)
  2. Sha L., Yi G.X., Chuan F.N. and Hua T.Q., Effective removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions by orange peel xanthate, T. Nonferr. Metal SoC., 20, 187-191 (2010)
  3. Chen W.M., Wu C.H., James E.K. and Chang J.S., Metal biosorption capacity of cupriavidus taiwaneusis and its effects on heavy metals by nodulated minosa pudica, J. Hazard. Mater., 151, 364-371(2007)
  4. Altens L., Inhibitory effect of heavy metals on methane producing anaerobic granular sludge, J. Hazard. Mater.,162, 1551-1556 (2008)
  5. Kuan S.N., Zaini U. and Pierre L.C., Arsenic removal technologies for drinking water treatment, Rev. Environ. Sci. and Biotechnol.,, 43-53 (2004)
  6. Choong S.Y., Chuah T.G., Robiah Y., Koay F.G.L. and Azni I., Arsenic toxicity, health hazards and removal technologies from water: an overview. Desalination, 217, 139-166 (2007)
  7. Anawar H.M., Akai J., Komaki K., Terao H., Yoshioka T., Ishizuka T., Safiullah S. and Kato K., Geochemical occurrence of arsenic in groundwater of Bangladesh: sources and mobilization processes, J. Geochem. Explor., 77, 109-131(2003)
  8. Akil A., Mouflih M. and Sebti S., Removal of heavy metal ions from water by using calcined phosphate as a new adsorbent, J. Hazard. Mater., 112, 183 -190(2004)
  9. Hashemi and Arbab Z.M.H., Evaluation of electrochemical hydride generation for spectrophotometric determination of As (III) by silver diethyldicarbamate, Talanta 52, 1007-1014 (2000)
  10. Liangjie D., Pavel Z.V., James C.P. and Li C.M., Iron coated pottery granules for arsenic removal from drinking water, J. Hazard. Mater.,168, 626-632 (2009)
  11. Res.J.Chem.Sci. International Science Congress Association 79Removal of arsenic(III) from aqueous solutions using fresh and immobilized plant biomass, Water Res., 39, 2815-2826 (2005)
  12. Ioannis K.A., and Anastasios Z.I., Removal of arsenic from contaminated water sources by sorption onto iron-oxide-coated polymeric materials, Water Res., 36, 5141-5155 (2002)
  13. Veera B.M., Krishnaiah A., Jonathan T.L., Edgar S.D. and Richard H., Removal of arsenic (III) and arsenic (V) from aqueous medium using chitosan-coated biosorbent, Water Res., 42, 633-642 (2008)
  14. Dipu B., Shigeo S., Shigeru K. and Toshinori K., Sorption of As (V) from aqueous solution using acid modified carbon black, J. Hazard. Mater.,162, 1269-1277 (2009)
  15. Manna B. and Ghosh U.C., Adsorption of arsenic from aqueous solution on synthetic hydrous stannic oxide, J. Hazard. Mater.,144, 522-531 (2007)
  16. Balasubramanian N., Toshinori K. and Srinivasakannan C., Arsenic removal through electrocoagulation: Kinetic and statistical modelling, Chem. Eng. J.,155, 76-82 (2009)
  17. Sergios P.K., Fotios K.K., Evangelos K.P., John N.W., Herve L.D. and Nick K.K., Heavy metal sorption by calcium alginate beads from Laminaria digitata, J. Hazard. Mater.,137, 1765-1772 (2006)
  18. Mondal P., Majumder C.B. and Mohanty B., Laboratory based approaches for arsenic remediation from contaminated water: Recent developments, J. Hazard. Mater.,137, 464-479 (2006)
  19. Tarun K.N., Pankaj C., Ashim K.B. and Sudip K.D., Saw dust and neem bark as low cost natural biosorbent for adsorptive removal of Zn(II) and Cd(II) ions form aqueous solutions, Chem. Eng. J.,148, 68-79 (2008)
  20. Salameh Y., Lagtah N.A., Ahmad M.N.M., Allen S.J. and Walker G.M., Kinetic and thermodynamic investigation on arsenic adsorption onto dolomitic sorbents, Chem. Eng. J.,160, 440 446 (2010)
  21. Ho Y.S. and McKay G., A multi-stage batch sorption designs with experimental data, Adsorpt. Sci. Technol., 17, 233-243 (1999)
  22. Fierro V., Muniz G., Sanchez G.G., Ballinas M.L. and Celzard A., Arsenic removal by iron-doped activated carbons prepared by ferric chloride forced hydrolysis, J. Hazard. Mater.,168, 430-437 (2009)
  23. Lesmana S., Febriana N., Soetaredjo F.E., Sunarso J. and Ismadji S., Studies on potential applications of biomass for the separation of heavy metals from water and wastewater, Biochem. Eng .J.,44, 19-41 (2009)
  24. Ozdemir S., Kilinc E., Poli A., Nicolaus B. and Guven K., Biosorption of Cd, Cu, Ni, Mn and Zn from aqueous solutions by thermophilic bacteria, Geobacillus toebii sub.sp. Decanicus and Geobacillus thermoleovorans sub.sp. Stromboliensis: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies, Chem. Eng. J.,152, 195-206 (2009)
  25. Gueu S., Yao B., Adouby K. and Ado G., Kinetics and thermodynamics study of lead adsorption on to activated carbons from coconut and seed hull of the palm tree, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Te., 11-17 (2007)