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Relationship between BMI (Body mass index) and Dysmenorrhea among Adolescents in a College of Nursing at Puducherry, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of OBG, College of Nursing, MTPG and RIHS, Puducherry, India
  • 2Dept. of OBG, College of Nursing, MTPG and RIHS, Puducherry, India

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 4, Issue (3), Pages 4-6, March,28 (2016)

Abstract

Adolescent girls undergo many physiological changes in their body and attain menarche which is frequently associated with dysmenorrhea, the main cause of women missing work, school and other activities. BMI considered as one of the risk factor for experiencing dysmenorrhea was reported by many researchers. Objective: to assess the relationship between BMI and dysmenorrhea among adolescents. Methods:A correlational study was conducted among adolescents in college of nursing, MTPG and RIHS, Puducherry. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 100 samples for the study. The history related to menstruation, menstrual pain and associated symptoms was obtained through a self-structured questionnaire which consist of questions related to the demographic data, verbal analogue scale for pain, modified quality of life scale and their BMI was measured. Statistics: Chi square and correlation coefficient for relationship. Results and conclusion: Out of the 100 students 73(%) had dysmenorrhea and 27(%) had no dysmenorrhea and in 51(%) of the students there was a positive family history of dysmenorrhea.65(%) of the students were with normal body mass index, 27(% ) of the students were underweight, 7(%) were overweight and 1% was obese. BMI does not demonstrate any significant association and correlation with dysmenorrhea.

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