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Knowledge and Awareness regarding Dengue among the Undergraduate health Science students of Dengue Hit region of Nepal

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, NEPAL
  • 2School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, NEPAL
  • 3School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, NEPAL
  • 4School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, NEPAL
  • 5School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, NEPAL
  • 6School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, NEPAL
  • 7School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, NEPAL
  • 8School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Chitwan Medical College, NEPAL

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 4, Issue (1), Pages 8-12, January,28 (2016)

Abstract

Dengue fever (DF) is the most rapidly spreading viral disease transmitted by mosquito bite. Two-fifth of the world's population lives in the DF risk areas. There was no case of DF reported until 2004 in Nepal. Since then it has been rapidly spreading in almost all areas of Nepal and many outbreaks are recorded. Majority of DF cases reported are in three districts of the Terai region adjoined to Indian border i.e. Chitwan, Nawalparasi, and Rupandehi. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge on dengue infection among health science students of one of the dengue hit region of Nepal. It was a questionnaire based cross-sectional study conducted among medical and dental students of Chitwan medical college, Bharatpur Nepal in September 2015. The extent of knowledge of an individual student on Dengue was measured on the basis of the given responses. The correct response to each question was given the score '1' and incorrect or not-sure response the score '0'. The level of knowledge was categorized into 3 levels by mean ± 1 SD. The cutoff point of the poor, moderate and good knowledge were mean+1SD respectively. Only one-fifth respondents (N=313) had good level of knowledge on Dengue while nearly one-tenth of respondents were having poor level of knowledge. There was no significance difference on level of knowledge among various categories. Since high proportion of medical students have moderate to low level of knowledge on dengue which signifies the need of awareness raising programme to all sphere of population irrespective to their profession and literacy level.

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