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Study of Serum Magnesium Levels in Diabetic Foot Ulcers-A South Indian Experience

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Medicine, Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurgam, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Biochemistry, Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga, INDIA
  • 3 Department of Medicine, Sri Devraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, INDIA
  • 4 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 2, Issue (9), Pages 16-19, September,28 (2014)

Abstract

Hypomagnesaemia has been known to occur in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus; it is often missed and undertreated. Hypomagnesemia has also been associated with diabetic foot ulcers. A total of one hundred and twenty subjects were included in this study and divided into three groups. The study group consisted of forty patients that are type 2 diabetes and foot ulcers; and the control groups consisted of forty patients with type 2 diabetes without foot ulcers and forty healthy subjects respectively. Biochemical parameters were estimated in all the three groups and compared. The present study was conducted with an objective to evaluate the serum magnesium, fasting blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin in type 2 Diabetes mellitus cases and compare them with healthy subjects. The present study also attempts to evaluate the probable association between diabetic foot ulcers and serum magnesium levels. There is significant difference between levels of serum magnesium levels among diabetics without complications and healthy subjects. The mean serum magnesium levels among the above groups are 1.79±0.15 mg/dl and 2.25±0.16 mg/dl respectively (p0.001). There is also significant difference between levels of serum magnesium levels among diabetic foot ulcer patients and diabetics without complications i.e. 1.60±0.13 mg/dl and 1.79±0.15 mg/dl respectively (p0.001). The serum magnesium levels were significantly lower in patients with diabetic foot ulcers compared to diabetics without complications.

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