6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Prevalence of Dermatophytoses in Rural Population of Garhwal Himalayan Region, Uttarakhand, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Botany and Microbiology, HNB Garhwal University (A Central University), Srinagar, Uttarakhand-246174, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 2, Issue (8), Pages 9-12, August,28 (2014)

Abstract

To assess the prevalence and factors contributing in developing dermatophytoses in rural population of Garhwal Himalayan Region, a cross sectional study of 12 villages was done family to family from 1-Jan-2013 to 28-Aug-2013 and a total of 106 samples were taken into study from subjects who didn’t attend OPD and were not receiving any anti fungal treatment. Samples were tested by potassium hydroxide [KOH] examination. Macroscopic and Microscopic examination of direct sample and corresponding culture was done to identify the etiologic agent. All of 106 samples were found KOH positive whereas 74 [69.81 %] samples were culture positive. Amongst culture positive samples, clinical type Tinea capitis was found predominant with 43.24% prevalence followed by Tinea corporis and Tinea pedis 28.38% and 18.92% respectively. Tinea cruris was found least with 9.46 % occurrence. Males [64.86%] were more prone to dermatophytoses than females [35.14%]. A pretested questionnaire, to assess prevalence was designed and data was collected and analyzed.

References

  1. Lacaz C.S., Porto E. and Martins J.E.C., Micologia medica-fungos, actinomycetos e algas de interesse medico, Sarvier itda, Sao Paulo, (695) (1991)
  2. Pakshir K. and Hashmemi J., Prevalence and etiological agents of cutaneous fungal infections in milad Hospital of Teharn, Iran. Indian J.Dermatol. 51, 262–264 (2006)
  3. Burkhart C.N., Chang H. and Gottwald L., Tinea corporis in human immunodeficiency virus – positive patients : case report and assessment of oral therapy, Int. J. Dermatol, 42(10), 839–843 (2003)
  4. Anosike J.C., Keke I.R., Uwaezuoke J.C., Anozie J.C., Obiukwu C.E. and Nwoke B.E., Prevalence and distribution of ringworm infection in primary school children in parts of eastern Nigeria, J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage,9, 21–32 (2005)
  5. Irene W. and Richard C., Summerbell, The Dermatophytes. Clin. Microbiol. Rev., 8, 240–249 (1995)
  6. Rippon J.W., The pathogenic fungi and pathogenic actinomycetes, Medical Mycology, WB Saunders, Philadelphia Sabauraud R. (3rd ed. 1988) (1988)
  7. Patwadhan N. and Dave R., Dermatophytoses in and around Aurangabad, Indian j. Pathol. Microbiol, 42, 455-462 (1999)
  8. Jain N., Sharma M. and Saxena V.N., Clinico mycological profile of deramtophytosis in Jaipur, Rajasthan, Indian J. Dermatol. Venerol. Leprol., 74, 274–275 (2008)
  9. Sen S.S. and Rasul E.S., Prevalence of dermatophyte infection in district Rajkot, Indian J. Med. Microbiol., 24, 77–78 (2005)
  10. Omar A.A., Ringworm of the scalp in primary school children in Alexandria: Infection and carriage, East mediterr. Health J., 6, 961–967 (2000)
  11. IIkit M., Demhindi H., Yetgin M., Ates a., Turac-Bicer A. and Yula E. asymptomatic Dermatophyte scalp carriage in school children in Adana, Turkey. Mycoses. 50, 130 – 134 (2007)
  12. Enweani IB, Ozan CC, Azbonlahor E.E., Ndip R.N., Dermato phytoses in school chidren in Ekpoma, Nigeria, Mycoses, 39, 303-305 (1996)
  13. Nweze E.I., Etiology of Dermatophytoses against children in northeastern Nigeria, Med Mycol, 39, 181-184 (2001)
  14. Ajao Ao, Akintunde C., Studies on the prevalence of Tinea Capitis infection in IIe-Ife, Nigeria, Mycopathologia, 89L, 43-48 (1985)
  15. Ogunbiyi Ao and Owoaje E, Ndahi A., Prevalence of skin disorders in school children in Ibudan, Nigeria, Pediatr dermatol, 22- 26 (2005)
  16. East Innis A., Rainford L., Dunwell P., Barett-Robinson D., Nicholson A.M., The changing pattern of Tinea Capitis in Jamaica, West Indian Med J., 55, 85-88 (2006)
  17. Enweani I.B., Graeser Y. and Agbonlahor D., Association of ABO Blood group and Dermatophytosis in Nigeria, In:de Hoog S, Ahmed A, Meis J, Vismer H, editors, Proceedings of the conference, Medical Mycology, The African Perspective January 25 (2005) Harstenbosch, South Africa. (Accessed on 2007 mar 26.) (2007)
  18. Ezeronye O.U., Distribution of Dermatophytosis in cross river upstream bank ofEastern Nigeria, In:de Hoog S, Ahmed A, Meis J, Vismer H, editors. Proceedings of the conference, Medical Mycology, The African Perspective 2005; January 25.Harstenbosch, South Africa. (Accessed on 2007 mar 26.) (2005)
  19. Sigurgeirsson B., Kristinsson K.G., Jonasson P.S., Onychomycosis in Icelandic children, J Eur Acad Dermatol Venerol. 20, 796-799, (2006)
  20. Ranganathan S., Menon T. and Sentamil G.S., Efect of socio-economic status on the prevalence of dermatophytoses in madras, Indian J. Dermatol. Venerol. Leprol. 61, 16-18 (1995)