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Bark of Acacia Arabica-A Nature's Gift: An Overview

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Ilmul Saidla, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Kottigepalaya Magadi Main Road, Bangalore, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Kottigepalaya Magadi Main Road, Bangalore, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 2, Issue (5), Pages 20-24, May,28 (2014)


Acacia arabica is a popular ornamental avenue tree. In India, commonly known as babool, used in Indian System of Medicine for the prevention and treatment of various health ailments, has been in practice for hundreds of years. Bark of Acacia arabica has been reported to be effective in various diseases. The concentration of Tannin in bark varies considerably from 12-20%. Several polyphenolic compounds have been found out in bark. Phytochemical screenings of the stem bark reveals that it contains terpenoids, alkaloids, saponins and glycosides. This article briefly reviews the ethanobotanical as well as medicinal uses of bark of Acacia arabica with plant description. This is an attempt to compile and document information on different aspect of Acacia arabica and its potential uses. More studies are needed before the pharmacological properties of Acacia arabica can be utilized in therapy.


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