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Assessment of Magnitude and Grades of Depression among Adolescents in Raipur City, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Pt J N M Medical College, Raipur, CG, INDIA
  • 2 Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 2, Issue (5), Pages 10-13, May,28 (2014)

Abstract

Adolescent depression not only interferes with emotional, social, and academic functioning but also is a proven risk factor for school absenteeism, educational under achievement, substance abuse and suicidal behaviour. But scanty literature is available regarding the various social determinants that have an impact on adolescents' state of mental well-being. The current study was thus undertaken to assess the prevalence and grade of depression among school student of class 12 studying in various Boards of Education in Raipur city. The study also looks into the various social factors that may have an association with depression. A cross sectional questionnaire based study was carried out among 321 students studying in class 12 across various boards of education in Raipur city. Study tool consisted of questionnaire having two parts, first part contains 16 questions about general information of students and second part contains 20 questions of centre for epidemiological studies-depression scale (CES-D). The data was tabulated and analysed using SPSS v16. Chi square (X2) test was applied. A total of 321 students were included in the study. 40.49% students were found to be mildly depressed and 19% had major depression. Depression was found more in females 59.49% as compare to male 56.24%.The percentage of depressed students was highest among students of I.C.S.E. board (48.33%). Among the various factors examined for association with depression, statistically significant factors identified were working mothers, students staying away from home, poor relationship with family and self or parental dissatisfaction with academic achievement. Peer pressure also had significant association. Having a hobby acted as a protection against depression. Based on the identified factors, proactive steps should be taken at school and community levels to ensure healthy school and family environments. Emphasis should also be on IEC activities to ensure recognition of even mild symptoms of depression and their early treatment.

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