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Assessment of HIV/AIDS Sero-Positivity Rate in the State of Nagaland, North-East India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Division of Epidemiology & Nutrition, Regional Medical Research Centre, N.E. (ICMR), Dibrugarh, Assam, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 17-23, March,28 (2014)

Abstract

The present study intends to find the positivity rate of HIV/AIDS of 11 districts of Nagaland. Data from 6 different sources viz. Sentinel Sero-surveillance among antenatal clinic attendees, Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission Centers, Blood Banks, Female Sex Workers, Injection Drug Users and Integrated Counseling and Testing Centers were taken. The available HIV Sentinel Surveillance, Computer Management Information System and programme data was tabulated and analyzed using Microsoft Excel sheet and SPSS 13.0 software. Among antenatal clinic attendees the mean HIV prevalence rate was maximum i.e. 2.91% and 1.68% in the respective years of 2002 and 2003. HIV sero-positivity among blood donors was 0.52% The mean HIV prevalence among Female Sex Workers was 10.8% and 16.40% in the years 2005 and 2006 respectively. The average prevalence rate was highest (9.4%) among Injection Drug Users in the year 2003.These findings can inform the extent of HIV infection and its trend in Nagaland and subsequently help in formulating preventive strategies.

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