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Comparision of Alexander Technique versus Jacobson Relaxation Technique in Improving the Functional Activity of School Teachers with Mechanical Cervical Pain

Author Affiliations

  • 1SRM University, Tamil Nadu, INDIA
  • 2 Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, MALAYSIA
  • 3 Sai Sudha Multispecialty Hospital, Tirupati, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 12-16, March,28 (2014)

Abstract

One of the most common musculoskeletal problems in now a days is mechanical neck pain. Survey shows that neck pain is common, about men and women are suffering with this problem. Causes includes minor injuries or sprains to muscle or ligament in neck. Neck pain is more common in people who spend much of their working day at a desk with a bent forward posture. Often the exact cause or origin of pain is not known. Prevalence is highest in middle age with women being affected more than men. The effectiveness of Alexander technique in minimizing the mechanical pain has been proved by many research workers. Very few studies exist comparing the effectiveness of relaxation method in minimizing the mechanical cervical pain. The aim of study is to compare the effectiveness of Alexander technique and Jacobson relaxation technique in inducing relaxation and improving the functional activity of individual with mechanical cervical pain. Simple Random Sampling Experimental design Sample size 40 Subjects Group A = 20 patients Group B = 20 Patients Setting done. Samples were selected into experimental group and control group with 40 subjects with mechanical cervical pain are taken as sample for this study and divided into two groups. The subjects with mechanical cervical pain are confirmed through the special test for cervical region. Radiological investigations should not reveal any degenerative changes. The tests should be negative like cervical compression test, cervical distraction test and Adson test. After the treatment section to both groups’ data was analyzed.Comparison of pre and post Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) using Alexander technique shows pre NRS 7.4 and post NRS reduced to 2.25, gives t-value 17.1 thus giving significant result with p0.001.Comparison of pre and post NRS using Jacobson relaxation technique shows pre NRS 7.6 and post NRS reduced to 4, given t-value 19.6, thus giving a significant result with p0.001.Using Alexander technique and Jacobson relaxation technique in school teachers with mechanical cervical pain showed that both the interventions were effective in reducing pain intensity and improves the functional activity. This study predicts that group-A showed better improvement when compared to group-B.

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