6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Influence of Abdominal Muscle Strength on Pulmonary Function in Post Upper Abdominal Surgery Subjects

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Physiotherapy, Swatantra Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Rajahmundry, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Physiotherapy, Windfield International College, Kualalumpur, MALAYSIA
  • 3 Department of Physiotherapy, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 1, Issue (4), Pages 1-5, May,28 (2013)


To find out the relation between abdominal muscle strength and pulmonary function in post upper abdominal surgery subjects. Physiotherapy protocols concentrate on inspiratory muscles and airway clearance techniques. Very few studies were done to find out the relationship between expiratory muscles and pulmonary function. Hence, the need of the study was to find out the relationship between abdominal muscle strength and pulmonary function and its influence on pulmonary complications after upper abdominal surgery the objective of the study is to evaluate the abdominal muscle strength, FEV/FVC ratio, chest excursion in pre and post upper abdominal surgery subjects. And to find out the correlation between abdominal muscle strength and FEV/FVC ratio and also the correlation between abdominal muscle strength and chest excursion.30 subjects who met inclusive criteria with age of 35-50 years and who has abdominal muscle power grade 3 were selected for this study. Abdominal muscle strength was measured by surface EMG biofeedback, FEV/FVC was measured with portable electronic spirometer and chest excursion was measured with measuring tape. These parameters were assessed preoperatively and on the seventh day postoperatively and checked for their correlation. This study shows that good pulmonary function can be maintained by good abdominal muscle strength hence, strengthening the abdominal muscles preoperatively along with diaphragmatic breathing exercises is necessary in order to reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications after upper abdominal surgery.


  1. Mosby’s medical dictionary, (2009)
  2. Maingot’s abdominal operations, Michael J Zinner, 395-425 (1997)
  3. Surgery of upper gastrointestinal tract, Rob and Smith’s operative surgery, 5th edition, (1994)
  4. B. Celli, Respiratory mescle strength after upper abdominal surgery, Inernational journal of Respiratory Medicine, 48(7), 683-684 (1993)
  5. Charles Weissman, pulmonary function during the perioperative period, Anesthesiology, 868-874 (2000)
  6. Siaficas N.M. et al., Surgery and respiratory muscles,Thorax , 54, 458-465 (1999)
  7. Drummond G.B., The abdominal muscles in anesthesia and after surgery, British Journal of Anesthesia, 91(1), 73-80 (2003)
  8. An electromyographic study of the abdominal muscles during postural and respiratory manoeuvre, J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 50(7), 866–869 (1987)
  9. Barisone G. et al., Upper abdominal Surgery: does a lung function test exist to predict early severe postoperative respiratory complications, Eur Respir J., 10, 1301-1308 (1997)
  10. Carla Malaguti et al., Reliability of chest wall mobility and its correlation with pulmonary function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Respiratory care, 54(12), 1703-11 (2009)
  11. Nimmo A.F. and Drummond G.B., Respiratory mechanics after abdominal surgery measured with continuous analysis of pressure flow and volume signals, BJA, 77(3), 317-326 (1996)
  12. Dureuil B., Cantineau J.P. and Desmonts J.M., Effects of upper or lower abdominal surgery on diaphragmatic function, British Journal of Anaesthesia, 59, 1230-1235 (1987)
  13. Drummond G., Surgery and respiratory muscles, Thorax, 54, 1140 (1999)
  14. Simonneau et al., Diaphragmatic dysfunction induced by upper abdominal surgery, Role of postoperative pain .Am Rev Respir Dis., 112(8), 899-903 (1983)
  15. Wahba R.W.M., Perioperative functional residual capacity, Can J Anaesthesia, 38(3), 384-400 (1990)
  16. Gilbert R. et al., Relationship of ribcage and abdomen motion to diaphragm function during quiet breathing, Chest , 80(5), 607-12 (1981)
  17. Sanya A.O., Abdominal muscle strength and some respiratory function indices in subjects of varying parity status, Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy,14(2), 35-39 (2002)
  18. Effective Thermal Conductivity of Cucurbit as a Function of Temperature by Thermal Probe Method Kumar Anil, Chauhan Rekha Rani and Kumar Pradeep, Res. J. Recent Sci.,1(10), 33-36 (2012)
  19. Paras Manoj Kumar and Rai Jagdish, On the Energy Estimation of Lightning Discharge, Res.J.Recent Sci.,1(9), 36-40 (2012)
  20. Nimawat Dheeraj and Namdev Vishal, An Overview of Green Supply Chain Management in India, Res. J. Recent Sci.,1(6), 77-82 (2012)
  21. Idris O.F. and Sabahelkhier M.K., The Effects of Induced Hyperthyroidism on Plasma FSH and LH Concentrations in Female of Wistar Rats, Idris M.A., Res.J.Recent Sci.,1(6), (2012)
  22. Sharma R.L., Sharma K.K. and Sharma N., Hypervitaminosis - A causes Degenerative changes in Thyroid of Mouse, Res.J.Recent Sci.,1(3), 26-30 (2012)
  23. Carlson K. and Smith M., A Cadaveric Analysis of the Vastus Medialis Longus and Obliquus and their Relationship to Patellofemoral Joint Function, I. Res. J. Biological Sci.,1(5), 70-73 (2012)
  24. Hasna Abdul Salam, Rajiv P., Kamaraj M., Jagadeeswaran P., Sangeetha Gunalan and Rajeshwari Sivaraj, Plants: "Green" Route for Nanoparticle Synthesis, I. Res. J. Biological Sci.,1(5), 85-90 (2012)
  25. Muthusamy P., Murugan S. and Manothi Smitha, Removal of Nickel ion from Industrial Waste Water using Maize Cob, ISCA J. Biological Sci., 1(2), 7-11 (2012)
  26. Balamuralitharan S. and Rajasekaran S., Stability of the Six Equilibrium States between CN and G-CSF with Infectives Growth Rate Progression: A FFT Study, ISCA J. Biological Sci., 1(2), 55-60 (2012)
  27. Jatwa Jayshree and Bhai Ismail, Studies on Human Thyroid disorders based upon assay of TSH and Thyroid Hormones in Ujjain, MP, India, ISCA J. Biological Sci., 1(2), 43-47 (2012)