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An approach on phytochemistry and pharmacological studies of Eucalyptus globulus plant parts

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab-147002, India
  • 2Department of Chemistry, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab-147002, India
  • 3Department of Chemistry, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab-147002, India

Res. J. Material Sci., Volume 5, Issue (4), Pages 1-9, July,16 (2017)

Abstract

The medicinal plants played an importance role throughout world and primarily used against for the treatment and prevention of number of diseases. Among the medicinal plants, Eucalyptus globulus, a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs belongs to the family Myrtaceae, commonly known as blue gum, cultivated in palni, Nilgiris, shimla hills, Punjab etc. This plant contains phytochemical constituents which contain tannins, alkaloids, terpenoids and propanoids, which are present in the leaves, root and stem of the plants. From ancient, Eucalyptus globulus was used for the treatment of some common infections such as cough, cold, asthma, bronchial affections, fever, pharyngitis, stomatitis, neuralgia, bleeding gums, gonorrhoea and wounds. Various types of chemical constituents such as (+)-oleuropeic acid, Isoleptospermone, Sideroxylonal C, cypellogins A, B and C, cypellocarpins A, B and C, grandinol, essential oils and many others have been isolated from the Eucalyptus globulus plant. Many compounds from Eucalyptus globulus exhibit the many interesting pharmacological activities such as antiviral, antimicrobial, antitumor, antioxidant activities and so on. This present review reveals that all information on phytochemical and pharmacological activity of the Eucalyptus globulus has been performed by different methods.

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