6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Application of Multi-layer Composites in Construction and their Future Challenges

Author Affiliations

  • 1CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, INDIA
  • 2 VIT University, Vellore, INDIA

Res. J. Material Sci., Volume 1, Issue (3), Pages 12-18, April,16 (2013)

Abstract

A concise state-of-the-art survey on fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering towards construction applications is presented. It is an emerging trend in construction field, since it is one of the main repair and retrofitting material, in general and has profound applications in aerospace and marine construction in particular. FRPs are well known for enhancing the mechanical and durability properties of concrete. The paper is organized into separate sections on the various mechanical properties like compressive strength, bond strength, flexural strength; durability properties like chloride ion penetration, elevated temperature, freeze thaw cycle, corrosion resistance, seismic behavior of FRP wrapped structural concrete members proposed by various authors are also discussed. Each of these sections is segmented into a short review and future challenges including problem identification based on literature review as well as authors view point. Based on the experimental investigations of various authors, it can be concluded that FRP wrapping on concrete members increases the strength, ductility and also durability of concrete. However, the associated problems due to continuous exposure of moisture at the concrete-epoxy interface need to be addressed in detail. The problem identification and the methodologies for rectification are also discussed in this paper. Functions of epoxy and scope on functional modification for better bonding between the multi-layer composites i.e, concrete-epoxy-(fiber wrap)-epoxy-(fiber wrap), where n - no. of layers are discussed.

References

  1. Bakis C.E., Bank L.C., Brown V.L., Cosenza E., Davalos J.F., Lesko J.J., Machida A., Rizkalla S.H. and Triantafillou T.C., Fiber-Reinforced concrete composites for construction – State-of-the-Art Review, J. of Comp Cons, ASCE , 73-87 (2002)
  2. Hollaway L.C., A review of the present and future utilization of FRP composites in the civil infrastructure with reference to their important in-service properties, Cons and Bui Mat,24, 2419-2445 (2010)
  3. Camille A.I. Pedro C. and George S., Compressive strength of concrete cylinders with variable widths CFRP wraps: Experimental study and numerical modeling, Cons and Bui Mat,23, 2306–2318 (2009)
  4. Tae W.P., Ung J.N., Lan C. and Maria Q.F., Compressive behavior of concrete cylinders confined by narrow strips of CFRP with spacing, Comp: Part B, 39, 1093–1103 (2008)
  5. Al-Tamimi A., Abdalla J., Haweeleh R., Zebian B., Mostafa A., Abood M. and Saeed A.R., Effect of CFRP Wrapping and Elevated temperature on Concrete Compression Members, The Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, Held at Dauphine University, Paris, 2-3 (2010)
  6. Kumutha R., Vaidyanathan R. and Palanichamy M.S., Behaviour of reinforced concrete rectangular columns strengthened using GFRP, Cem and Conc Comp,29, 609–615 (2007)
  7. Rahai A.R., Sadeghian P. and Ehsani M.R., Experimental Behavior of Concrete Cylinders Confined with CFRP Composites, The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China, October 12-17, (2008)
  8. Hua Wei. Zhimin W. Xia G. and Fumin Y., Experimental study on partially deteriorated strength concrete columns confined with CFRP, Engg Struc,31, 2495-2505 (2009)
  9. El-Hacha R. Silva F.J.N. Melo G.S. and Rizkalla S.H., Effectiveness of near surface mounted FRP reinforcement for flexural strengthening of reinforced concrete beams, 4th International Conference on Advanced Composite Materials in Bridges and Structures Calgary, Alberta, 20–23 (2004)
  10. Shahawy M.A., Arockiasamy M., Beitelmant T. and Sowrirajan R., Reinforced concrete rectangular beams strengthened with CFRP laminates, Comp: Part B,27B, 225-233 (1996)
  11. Pierluigi C., Giulia F. and Carlo P., Bond strength of CFRP–concrete elements under freeze–thaw cycles, Comp Struc,92, 973–983 (2010)
  12. Xiao-gang W., Wei-ping Z., Wei Cui. and Folker H.W., Bond strength of corroded steel bars in reinforced concrete structural elements strengthened with CFRP sheets, Cem and Conc Comp,33, 513–519 (2011)
  13. Sevket O. and Erkan A., Effect of confining FRP overlays on bond strength enhancement, Cons and Bui Mat.,21, 1377–1389 (2007)
  14. Tarek H.A., Load–deflection behavior of RC beams strengthened with GFRP sheets subjected to different environmental conditions, Cem and Conc Comp.,28, 879–889 (2006)
  15. Karbhari V.M. Chin J.W. Hunston D. Benmokrane B. Juska T. and Morgan R., Durability gap analysis for fiber reinforced polymer composites in civil infrastructure, J. of Comp Cons,7(3), 238-247 (2003)
  16. Ali Gharachorlou and Ali Akbar R., Resistance of concrete specimens strengthened with FRP sheets to the penetration of chloride ions, The Arabian J.for Sci and Engg., 35, Number 1B, (2009)
  17. Pan J., Huang Y. and Xing F., Effect of Chloride Content on Bond Behavior Between FRP and Concrete, Trans. Tianjin Univ., 16, 405-410 (2010)
  18. Tamer E.M., Ali C. and Khaled S., Effect of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Wraps on Corrosion Activity and Concrete Cracking in Chloride-Contaminated Concrete Cylinders, J.of comp for cons, ASCE, 139-147, (2006)
  19. Marco D.L., Filomena P., Andrea P., Marino L., Giuseppe M. and Gaetano M., Improved mechanical properties of CFRP laminates at elevated temperatures and freeze–thaw cycling, Cons and Bui Mat,31, 273–283 (2012)
  20. Ponmalar V., Strength comparison of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) wrapped concrete exposed to high temperature, Int. J. of Applied Sciences and Engineering Research, 1, (2012)
  21. Erdil B., Akyuz U. and Yaman I.O., Mechanical behavior of CFRP confined low strength concretes subjected to simultaneous heating–cooling cycles and sustained loading, Mat and Struc., 45, 223–233 (2012)
  22. Al-Saidy A.H., Al-Harthy A.S., Al-Jabri K.S., AbdulHalim M. and Al-Shidi N.M., Structural performance of corroded RC beams repaired with CFRP sheets, Comp Struc,92, 1931–1938 (2010)
  23. Sangeeta G., Mukherjee A. and Malhotra S.N., Corrosion of steel reinforcements embedded in FRP wrapped concrete, Cons and Bui Mat.,23, 153–161 (2009)
  24. Jun-Tao Z., Xin-Ling W., Zhao-Dong X. and Chen-Hui W., Experimental study on seismic behavior of RC frames strengthened with CFRP sheets, Comp Struc.,93, 1595–1603 (2011)
  25. Colomb F., Tobbi H., Ferrier E. and Hamelin P., Seismic retrofit of reinforced concrete short columns by CFRP materials, Comp Struc.,82, 475–487 (2008)
  26. Van Ooji W.J. Zhu D. Stacy M. Seth A. Mugada T. and Gandhi J., Corrosion protection properties of organo-silanes, Tsinghua Sci Tech.,10(6), 639-664 (2005)
  27. Hackman I. and Hollaway L., Epoxy-layered silicate nano composites in civil engineering, Comp: Part A.,37, 1161–1170 (2006)
  28. Manjunatha C.M., Taylor A.C., Kinloch A.J. and Sprenger S., The tensile fatigue behavior of silica nanoparticles-modified glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite, Comp Sci and Tech.,70, 193-199 (2010)
  29. Lars B., Jan S., Hannes H. and Karl S., Improvement of fatigue life by incorporation of nano particles in glass fiber reinforced epoxy, Comp: Part A,41, 1419–1424 (2010)
  30. Nagalingam R., Sundaram S. and Stanly J.R., Effect of nanoparticles on tensile, impact and fatigue properties of fiber reinforced plastics, Mat Sci.,33(5), 525-528 (2010)